How Are You Doing in Spanish – Spanish Greeting Proficiency

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You’re likely familiar with saying “hola” to greet someone in Spanish. Following this greeting, it’s customary to inquire about the other person’s well-being with “How are you?” The most commonly used way to ask this question in Spanish is “¿Cómo estás?” (koh-moh ehs-tahs). However, there are numerous alternative ways to pose a similar question to learn about someone’s current state.

Keep reading to find out the many ways to say how are you doing in Spanish.

How To Say How Are You Doing In Spanish

Here is a list of formal and informal ways to say how are you doing in Spanish:

1. Say “¿Cómo estás?” (koh-moh ehs-tahs)

The simplest way to express “How are you?” in Spanish is by saying “¿Cómo estás?” This phrase is suitable for nearly any situation, whether you are speaking to someone you already know or a new acquaintance. Nonetheless, there exists a more formal variant, especially employed in Central American nations.

  • It’s important to recognize that in Spanish, there are two verbs conveying the idea of “to be”: “estar” and “ser.” In this scenario, “estar” is chosen as it signifies a more transient or temporary state, whereas “ser” is employed for discussing a lasting or permanent condition.
  • Due to the conjugation of verbs aligning with the pronoun, omitting the pronoun doesn’t alter the meaning of the sentence. The pronoun is implicitly understood through the verb’s conjugation.

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2. Use “¿Cómo está usted?” (koh-moh ehs-tah oos-tehd)

There isn’t a distinctly formal expression for “How are you?” in Spanish. Nevertheless, “¿Cómo está usted?” is employed, particularly in Central America, when addressing someone older or in a position of authority.

  • It also doesn’t hurt to use this phrase when talking to an adult you’ve never met before, as it conveys respect.
  • You can drop the pronoun usted and simply ask “¿Cómo está?” It means the same thing and will convey the same level of respect.

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3. Ask “¿Cómo están?” (koh-moh ehs-tahn)

If you walk up to a group of people and want to greet all of them, you might ask “¿Cómo están?” The verb is conjugated for the plural “you,” so this is similar to saying “How are y’all doing?” or “How are you guys doing?” in English.

  • To make this question informal, ask “¿Cómo estais?” (koh-moh ehs-tah-iss)
  • Keep in mind that in some Spanish-speaking cultures, it might be considered more polite to ask this question of each person in the group individually, rather than addressing the group as a whole.

4. Use “¿Cómo te sientes?” (koh-moh tay see-ehn-tay) 

When you say”¿Cómo te sientes?” you’re literally asking someone how they are feeling. This question is typically more appropriate if you know someone who hasn’t been feeling well lately. Generally, it’s not used as a direct alternative to “¿Cómo estás?”

  • If you’re not familiar with the person, you might instead ask “¿Cómo se siente?” (koh-moh say see-ehn-tay) It’s the same question, but using a more formal pronoun.

5. You can say ¿Qué pasa?  — What’s up?

This Spanish greeting has made its way into English slang, so you might already know it! It’s an informal way to inquire about someone’s well-being or ask “What’s up?” or “What’s going on?”

A typical response would be something like “nada” (nothing) or “lo normal” (the usual). Check out the section on “¿Qué me cuentas?” for examples of appropriate responses.

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FAQs On How To Say How Are You Doing in Spanish

How do you respond to “How are you?” in Spanish?

Common responses include “Estoy bien” (I am well), “Muy bien, gracias” (Very well, thank you), or “Regular” (Okay/so-so).

Is there a difference between “¿Cómo estás?” and “¿Cómo te encuentras?

Both phrases are similar and can be used interchangeably. “¿Cómo estás?” is more commonly used in casual conversations, while “¿Cómo te encuentras?” may be considered slightly more formal.

How do you say “How are you doing?” in Spanish?

In Spanish, you can say “¿Cómo estás?” or “¿Cómo te encuentras?” to inquire about someone’s well-being.


Now you know how to say how are you in Spanish, which of them are you using today?


  • – How to Say How Are You in Spanish
  • – “How Are You?” in Spanish, Plus 8 More Formal and Informal Ways to Say It

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