Full Guide on How to Become an OBGYN

Do you know what OBGYN is? Have you thought of how much it costs to become an OBGYN? Obstetricians and gynecologists (OBGYNs) diagnose are treat health issues related to the female reproductive system. Apparently, to become an OBGYN, you need the right amount of education and training.

However, this article will give you a full guide on how to become an OBGYN, the salary structure, and the education and training requirements.

Women experience a lot of biological and functions such as menstruation, menopause, pregnancy, and childbirth. The obstetricians and gynecologists duty is to take up a patient’s medical history and information to show current diagnoses, recommend and design a plan of treatment. Read further to know the major work of an obgyn.

What is An OBGYN?

The acronym OBGYN refers to an obstetrician-gynecologist. It is the sciences that the doctor specializes in, which are obstetrics and gynecology.

However, obstetrics is the branch of medicine that involves taking care of pregnant women, including delivering babies. Their duty also involves giving medical and surgical care before, during, and after a woman put to birth and hence leading to total maintenance of a woman’s overall health during maternity.

Also, gynecology is the branch of medicine that focuses on treating conditions such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and chronic pain. It also includes the diagnosis, treatment, and care of a female reproductive organ.

In recent times, as technology evolves, many new techniques have been developed leading to a lot of improvements in ultrasound, making the care of the baby in the womb a central focus.

As you read further, you will see the procedures OBGYNs can carry out, their qualifications, salary structure, and we also discuss how a person can become an OBGYN.

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OBGYN Education and Training

Just like all medical doctors, obstetricians and gynecologists need a doctoral or professional degree, a degree from a medical school, which takes 4 years to complete, and, 3 to 7 years in internship and residency programs and also obtain licensure to legally practice.

To become an OBGYN, you must follow the steps below.

Undergraduate Degree Program

The requirement to obtain admission into Medical schools varies from school to school and are highly competitive. However, most applicants must submit transcripts, scores from the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), and letters of recommendation.

Apparently, to pursue an undergraduate degree, you may consider taking courses in biology and chemistry, which are the basic foundation of education for medicine and health science.

According to the laws governing medicine and health, students are to spend the first 2 years of medical school in laboratories and classrooms, taking courses like biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology, psychology.
They also acquire practical skills such as taking medical histories, diagnose illnesses, examine patients.

Career and Responsibilities for OBGYN

The OBGYN career is not just restricted to treating illness, they also educate their clients by giving them healthcare awareness. However, their overall responsibility is listed below.

  • Diagnosing illness and giving treatments for diseases.
  • Recording medical histories.
  • Conducting routine check-ups on patients.
  • Offer childbirth, prenatal, and natal care to pregnant women.
  • Keeping up to date with current innovations.
  • Examine patients.
  • Educating patients about disease prevention and reproductive health.
  • Performing a wide range of tests, such as pap smears, and breast exams.
  • Counsel patients on diet and hygiene.
  • Collaborating with other medical and non-medical personnel.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the employment opportunity for Medical practitioners is on a high, also an increase in employment of around 14% from 2014 to 2024.

OBGYN Salary Structure

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) the average annual salary of OBGYNs was $222,400 as of May 2015. However, the salary outlook of OBGYN is shown below according to their level and year of experience.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take to become a obgyn?

It takes about 12 years to become an obgyn. A bachelor’s degree is 4 years, another 4 years for a medical degree. After 8 years in school, you will then do an internship and also a residency in obstetrics and gynaecology making it 12years of education.

How much does it cost to become an obgyn doctor?

The cost of obgyn education varies according to countries and loaction. According to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), a median debt of between $170,000 and $200,000 for 84% graduating class of 2014 rises 3% from the previous year.


OB is abbreviation for obstetrics or for an obstetrician and GYN is for gynecology or a gynecologist.

An OBGYN is a medical physician with advanced knowledge and certification in the core area of obstetrics and gynecology. OBGYN provides healthcare services to women, offers childbirth, prenatal, and natal care to pregnant women.

The OBGYN career also covers treating illness, they also educate their clients by giving them healthcare awareness.


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