A tax number id is a nine-digit number used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) as a tracking number. Information is required for all tax returns filed with the IRS. Any US taxpayer identification numbers (TINs) or tax IDs. Numbers are issued directly by the IRS, with the exception of Social Security Numbers (SSNs), which are issued by the Social Security Administration (SSA).
The IRS also does not issue foreign tax identification numbers (Foreign TINs); rather, they are issued by the country where the non-US taxpayer pays taxes.
Why do you need a Tax Number id?
A TIN must be provided on tax returns, bank statements and other tax-related documents. For example, a number must be specified:
- When filing your tax return.
- By claiming treaty benefits.
- A TIN must appear on a withholding tax statement if the beneficial owner is making any of the following claims:
In addition to using your EIN for tax returns and business-to-business transactions, also known as B2B, you need to consider your social security number for other purposes as well.
In addition to your personal tax return, your social security number is crucial in everyday life, because without it you cannot find work or receive social security benefits if you need them. It’s also sensitive identity information, so avoid telling anyone what it is. Keep it with other important documents.
Types of Tax Identification Numbers (TIN)
- Social Security Number (SSN)
- Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN)
- Employer Identification Number (EIN)
- Adoption Tax Identification Number (ATIN)
- Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN)
Social Security Number (SSN)
The Social Security Number (SSN) is the most common tax identification number. SSNs are issued by the Social Security Administration to individuals—US citizens, permanent residents, and certain temporary residents. These numbers are in the format XXX-XX-XXXX.
The SSN is required to secure legal employment in the United States and to receive Social Security benefits and other government services. A child must have a social security number before a parent can claim them as a dependent for income tax purposes, which means parents voluntarily apply for the number on behalf of their children.
A child with an ITIN can be claimed as a dependent. The SSA processes applications for free, but there are paid services that offer application completion for new parents.
Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN)
The IRS issues Individual Tax Identification Numbers (ITINs) to certain non-resident and resident aliens, their spouses, and their dependents when they are not eligible for SSNs.
The ITIN is organized in the same format as an SSN (XXX-XX-XXXX) and begins with a 9. To obtain an individual taxpayer identification number, the applicant must complete Form W-7 and submit documents proving their status as a resident. Certain agencies, including universities, banks, and accounting firms, often help applicants obtain their ITIN.
Employer Identification Number (EIN)
The IRS uses the Employee Identification Number (EIN) to identify corporations, trusts, and estates that must pay taxes. Like Social Security Numbers, Employer Tax Identification Numbers are nine digits but are read as XX-XXXXXXX.
Those who qualify for an EIN must apply for the number and use it to report their income for tax purposes. Applying for an EIN is free and businesses can get one immediately.
Adoption Tax Identification Number (ATIN)
The ATIN only applies to domestic adoptions when the adoptive parents are unable to obtain the child’s SSN to complete their tax return in a timely manner. To qualify, the child must be a US citizen or permanent resident and the adoption must be pending.
Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN)
Beginning January 1, 2011, the IRS required that a PTIN be included with every tax return that was filed. Prior to this date, the use of the PTIN was optional. Any preparer who is paid to fill out all or part of another person’s tax return must possess and use the PTIN.
How to get a Tax Number id
The steps to obtain a TIN number depend on the type:
- SSN: Apply for a Social Security card by completing Form SS-5 and submitting proof of identity, age, and US ID. Citizenship or legal alien status.
- EIN: Also known as a Federal Tax Identification Number, an EIN must be applied for in a variety of forms depending on whether it is a business entity, an estate, or a trust. If you are a foreign company, e.g. B. A foreign corporation, an EIN is required to apply for an exemption from a withholding tax treaty. Do this by submitting Form SS-4.
- ITIN: This is only available to certain non-resident and resident aliens, their spouses and dependents who may not be eligible for a social security number. Form W-7 must be completed and documentation proving alien status and true identity must be submitted to the IRS or an authorized receiving agency (college, financial institution, etc.).
- ATIN: This is a temporary number assigned by the IRS to people who are in the process of legal adoption. Submit Form W-7A for children who are US citizens, citizens or residents.
- PTIN: A paid tax preparer must use a valid PTIN for all tax returns prepared. Apply online through the IRS.
Because filing taxes can be challenging, it’s not uncommon to ask a third party for help. Many agencies and organizations help, but since 2011 they must have their own PTIN – Creator’s Tax Identification Number. Any tax return or claim filed by the paid tax preparer must include your PTIN. The IRS is the only agency that issues these numbers, and you can apply online or by mail. Special rules apply to foreign tax advisors who do not have a social security