Are you troubled by unsightly black spots on your teeth that are affecting your smile and self-confidence? Black spots on teeth can be caused by a variety of factors, from dental decay to staining. Whatever the reason behind these dark marks, the good news is that there are effective ways to remove black spots on teeth.
In this article, we will explore the causes of black spots on teeth and provide you with insights into the methods available for their removal. Say goodbye to those black spots and hello to a brighter, healthier smile.
Why should black spots on teeth be removed?
Dark brown plaque on teeth represents an advanced form of typical tartar. If left untreated or not removed promptly, it can result in the following detrimental effects:
- Induces periodontitis and gingivitis: The presence of bacteria within dark brown tartar can gradually erode tooth enamel and affect the gums, leading to the development of gingivitis and potential dental diseases.
- Causes unpleasant breath: As tartar progresses to a dark brown or black hue, it accumulates a substantial amount of bacteria, including strains responsible for causing bad breath, which can impact one’s confidence during social interactions.
- Contributes to receding gums, bone deterioration, and tooth loss: Dark tartar weakens the connection between the tooth crown and the gums, making it more susceptible to gum recession. Additionally, it can harm the jawbone, potentially resulting in bone loss and, if left untreated for an extended period, tooth loss.
What Causes Black Spots on Teeth?
Our dentist must first identify the underlying cause of the discoloration to recommend the best course of action for removing a small black spot on a tooth. Teeth discoloration, such as brown or black patches, can be caused by several factors.
Tooth decay is the most serious cause of a black spot on your tooth.
When plaque and tartar build-up on teeth, sugar, bacteria, and acid can adhere to the teeth and eat away at the enamel and mineral structure of the teeth, causing tooth decay.
Dental caries, or tiny holes in your tooth enamel, can result from tooth decay if it is not identified and treated in its early stages. On your teeth, these holes typically resemble little black or brown dots.
A black spot of tooth decay is usually accompanied by:
- Persistent pain or toothache
- Tooth sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures and sugary foods or drinks
- Pain while eating
- A small pit or hole in your tooth
Silver Diamine Fluoride
Silver diamine fluoride is a non-invasive treatment designed to combat cavities by eliminating bacteria and halting tooth decay immediately. However, it may leave a residual dark mark in the area where tooth decay was present.
This method is less commonly used for adults because of the potential discoloration it may cause. Nevertheless, it might be recommended for children who have cavities in their baby teeth or for children with special needs who may find it challenging to undergo traditional cavity drilling and filling procedures.
Fluorosis is a condition that arises when excessive fluoride exposure occurs during tooth development in childhood. This excess exposure can result from consuming fluoridated water, ingesting extreme toothpaste, or taking vitamin supplements containing fluoride.
Fluorosis can manifest as tooth discoloration, appearing as dark or white spots on the teeth.
Other Causes for Black Spots on Teeth
Additional reasons why you might develop a black spot on a tooth include:
- An injury to the affected tooth
- Tartar buildup on the surface of the tooth
- Stains as a result of consuming certain foods or drinks
- Smoking or using chewing tobacco
- Certain medical conditions
How to Get Rid of Black Spots on Your Teeth
Tooth-Colored, Composite Resin Fillings
If the dark mark on your tooth is a result of tooth decay or an injury, it’s essential to address the cavity or injury. Treating the cavity will also resolve the tooth discoloration.
The process involves drilling and cleaning the cavity to eliminate any traces of tooth decay and bacteria. Following this, the dentist fills the void with a composite resin filling chosen to match the neighboring tooth’s color.
Cosmetic Treatments for Tooth Discoloration
In cases where the discoloration is solely an aesthetic concern and does not affect your tooth’s health, multiple cosmetic treatments can effectively address tooth discoloration.
- Professional teeth whitening treatments
- Dental prophylaxis or polishing with an abrasive substance
- At-home teeth whitening products
- Dental bonding, veneers, or a dental crown to cover the tooth discoloration
Doctors will assist you in selecting the most suitable cosmetic treatment for your tooth discoloration, taking into account the type and size of the stain, all while enhancing your smile’s aesthetics.
When to Schedule a Dental Examination
If you observe any visible alterations in your teeth, feel tooth sensitivity, or experience oral discomfort, we strongly advise you to arrange a dental examination.
During the visit, we will address your symptoms or concerns, conduct a comprehensive examination of your teeth and gums, and use dental X-rays to evaluate any issues beneath the gum line or inside your teeth.
Following this evaluation, the doctor will provide a diagnosis, answer your inquiries, and discuss potential treatment options. If you’d like to schedule an appointment or acquire more information about dental problems like tooth discoloration and cavities, please don’t hesitate to contact Dentistry of West Bend.