What is Hazard Insurance? All You Need to Know

Assume you’ve had your offer accepted on the home of your dreams, and you’re about to close. Your lender asks for proof of hazard insurance all of a sudden.

So, what exactly do you do? You already knew you’d have to get homeowners insurance as part of the mortgage closing process, but did you know you’d have to get hazard insurance as well?

Don’t be concerned. Most likely, you’re already covered.

Estimating your principal, interest, taxes, and insurance (PITI) and the type of insurance you’ll need is an important part of the home-buying process.

Hazard insurance is one of the policies you may be required to purchase.

Despite the fact that it is required in many places, some people are unaware of the existence of hazard insurance or why they might require it. This article will explain everything you need to know about hazard insurance if you’re unsure.

Hazard insurance, which is included in a homeowners insurance policy, is required to qualify for a mortgage for a property. The house’s structure is covered by hazard insurance.

It’s vital to remember that this insurance, also known as dwelling coverage, is a subset of your homeowners insurance rather than a standalone policy.

What Is Hazard Insurance?

Hazard insurance covers your home in the event of a natural disaster or other hazards. When applying for a mortgage, it’s frequently a prerequisite.

Some jurisdictions additionally mandate the purchase of a Natural Hazard Report, also known as an NHD report, which determines if your property is located in a natural hazard zone or a high-risk area. Fires, strong storms, hail, sleet, and other natural disasters are examples of these dangers.

Fires, strong storms, hail, sleet, and other natural disasters are examples of these dangers. Assume that a person has hazard insurance and that the natural disaster that occurs is covered by their policy.

The homeowner will be paid for the damage to their property in this scenario. Even if a property isn’t in a high-risk region, having hazard insurance to protect your property and funds is a good idea.

Is Homeowners Insurance the Same as Hazard Insurance?

Hazard insurance is a subset of homeowners insurance rather than a standalone policy. As a result, even though hazard insurance is a part of a homeowner’s insurance policy that protects against most natural catastrophes, it’s vital to remember that lenders refer to it separately.

Hazard insurance, often known as dwelling coverage, protects you from financial loss if a covered risk damages or destroys your home.

Whereas homeowners insurance covers a variety of dangers, hazard insurance covers the structure of your home, including the walls, floors, and roof.

It also includes built-in amenities like plumbing and a water heater. Finally, it includes any other structures that are attached to the house, such as a garage.

Categories of Conventional Homeowner’s Policy

In general, conventional homeowner’s insurance policies cover the following categories of protection:

  • Hazard insurance protects your home’s structure from covered risks.
  • Personal property insurance: protects your personal items, such as clothing and televisions, from covered risks.
  • Liability insurance protects you from lawsuits that may be brought against you if someone gets hurt on your property.
  • Additional living costs (ALE) coverage pays for temporary accommodation if your house is damaged by a covered peril.

The types of insurance you have and the risks protected under them, on the other hand, are determined by the sort of policy you have.

Hazard coverage is the most crucial component of most home insurance plans, despite the fact that it is only one aspect of most policies. The hazard component of the policy covers the majority of house insurance claims.

As a result, the quantity of hazard coverage your house requires will determine your home insurance costs and limits.

If your home is damaged by a covered peril, your hazard insurance policy will be subject to one of three limits, each of which provides a different level of compensation.

You can check this: Hazard Insurance Vs Home Insurance: Are They The Same?

Actual Cash Value (ACV)

The Actual Cash Value (ACV) of your home is the market value minus depreciation. For example, if you spent $8,000 ten years ago to install new flooring in your home, those floors are no longer worth that much.

Rather, they have depreciated due to wear and tear, and ACV coverage will only cover that reduced amount.

The ACV would not cover the total cost of repairing your flooring with new materials if you made a claim under your hazard insurance after it was destroyed by a covered risk.

Instead, you’d be liable for the difference in price. That amount might be substantial if your entire home is destroyed.

The ACV is the smallest premium and lowest limit you can have on your hazard insurance policy.

RCV (Replacement Cost Value)

The RCV is the cost of rebuilding your home at today’s labor and material prices, which are nearly always greater than when it was built.

A hazard insurance policy that covers your home’s RCV would cost more than one that merely covers the ACV, but RCV coverage might give a significant amount of extra money if you need to replace all or part of your house. As a result, if you can afford it, we recommend adding RCV coverage to your policy.

Guaranteed Replacement Cost/Extended Replacement Cost (GRC/ERC):

The GRC/ERC covers your house’s replacement cost as well, but with the added assurance that the insurance company will pay a set percentage above your hazard policy’s limitations to rebuild your home if necessary.

This is especially true when circumstances induce an increase in demand and maintenance expenses, such as when a regional calamity temporarily raises construction costs.

This is the most comprehensive and costly coverage available, and it is recommended for those who reside in a region where disasters are more regular.

Homeowners Insurance vs. Hazard Insurance

To dispel some common misconceptions, hazard insurance is not different from your homeowners or condo insurance policies! Rather, it’s a portion of your homeowner’s insurance policy that protects your home from natural disasters.

Other types of damages, such as damage to your belongings or injuries sustained by visitors or others, are covered separately by your home’s policy.

So, why do some individuals believe that hazard insurance is distinct from other types of insurance? Your mortgage lender, on the other hand, may specifically request that you obtain hazard insurance. Why? It’s just how they refer to it — we know, it’s perplexing!

So, if you’re wondering, “Do I need hazard insurance if I have homeowners insurance?” rest assured that your homes insurance will usually suffice to satisfy your lender. If it doesn’t, go ahead and buy separate flood, fire, or earthquake insurance policies.

How Does Hazard Insurance Work?

Hazard insurance covers damage caused by fires, lightning, hail, wind, snow, or rainstorms, as well as other natural disasters. Hazard coverage is a portion of a homeowner’s insurance policy that protects the primary residence as well as other neighboring properties like a garage.

To be prepared for any eventuality, homeowners should double-check that their insurance coverage covers certain, common hazards.

The needed amount of hazard insurance is determined by the cost of replacing the residence in the event of a total loss. The value of the property in the current real estate market may fluctuate dramatically from this financial number. Typically, policies are written for a year and then renewed.

What Does Your Home Hazard Insurance Cover?

Understanding what is and is not covered by a hazard insurance policy can be difficult. Hazard insurance, in general, only covers the events that are specifically stated in the policy.

As a result, it’s critical to check that your hazard insurance coverage covers local calamities. If you reside in the mountains, for example, you should be prepared for severe snowfall and the potential harm it can cause.

It’s crucial to keep in mind that not all hazard insurance is created equal. Make careful to study your homeowner’s insurance policy and chat with your insurance agent to find out if there are any gaps or dangers in your policy.

Additional insurance may be required to cover specific events such as floods or earthquakes.


Hazard insurance covers a wide range of situations. The majority are natural disasters, however, hazard insurance also covers some failures within the home. These are some of them:

  • Smoke and fire damage
  • Wind and hail damage
  • Damage caused by lightning
  • Snow, ice, and sleet damage
  • Vehicle damage, including cars, planes, and other vehicles
  • Trees and other things that have fallen
  • Theft and vandalism are two examples of theft and vandalism.
  • Heating, air conditioning, and electric currents can all cause damage.

Not Included

Hazard insurance does not cover personal property damage or injuries caused on your property. With this in mind, hazard insurance only protects the structure of your property in the event of a natural disaster mentioned in your policy.

This could include the structure of the house, any garages or sheds, fences, and some belongings inside the house if they are damaged by a covered incident.

Flood damage is also not covered, so homeowners will need to buy flood insurance separately. In high-risk locations, earthquakes, landslides, and mudslides are also not covered.

For example, hazard insurance may not cover your home if it is located in an earthquake-prone area.

Because your hazard insurance coverage will vary based on where you live, you may want to acquire additional coverage or a separate policy that covers certain events.

Pest infestations, mold damage, and more damage that can occur over time are examples of situations that aren’t covered.

What Is the Cost of Hazard Insurance?

Hazard insurance costs vary depending on a number of factors. Where you live and your credit score are two of these influences. In addition, the deductibles and limits you choose will have an impact on the cost of hazard insurance.

Because of the hazards connected with different places, your location might have a major impact on the cost of your hazard insurance.

If you reside in a flood plain or an earthquake zone, for example, you may be more vulnerable to natural disasters. These items, however, may not be covered by your hazard insurance policy.

Due to the high cost of hazard insurance in some places, many mortgage lenders offer an escrow account that divides the expense into monthly installments.

What is the Best Home Insurance Policy for Me?

While hazard insurance is unquestionably the most critical sort of coverage in your homeowner’s insurance policy, other types of coverage, such as liability insurance, are also crucial.

As a result, HO-1 insurance, which is the most basic, is no longer available in a number of states. Apart from hazard insurance, they don’t provide any coverage, and even then, the hazards they cover are restricted.

Some HO-2 policies, although not all, include liability coverage. As a result, HO-2 policies are significantly less common than HO-3 policies.

The most frequent type of homeowners insurance is HO-3s. Unless you are a renter or the owner of a condo, mobile home, or a property that is much older, HO-3 insurance is likely the best option.

When looking for homeowners insurance, you may or may not have the option of choosing between different policies. If you’re borrowing money from a mortgage lender, for example, they may specify the type of policy you need to buy—usually an HO-3 policy.

In these cases, your lender’s policy will most likely be fairly comprehensive in terms of hazard coverage.

Also, you can check this: 15 Best Mobile Home Insurance Companies

What Hazards Does My Homeowners Insurance Cover?

The home insurance coverage covers a wide range of potential disasters. The majority of insurance companies will not cover damage caused by a lack of maintenance or regular wear and tear.

However, unless it’s an expressly excluded danger, such as earthquakes, sudden and unexpected damage is usually covered.

You’ll need to add an extra endorsement to your homeowner’s insurance policy to get coverage for excluded dangers.

The policies covered by your policy are determined by the type of policy you have.

Some policies, such as an HO-2, only cover “specified dangers,” or perils that are clearly mentioned in the policy. “Open perils” are covered by other policy types, such as an HO-3.

This signifies that the policy covers all risks except those listed on the declaration page as specifically excluded.

Named Perils vs. Open Perils

Specific dangers are stated on the declaration page of your homeowner’s insurance policy as named perils.

If your policy only covers identified perils, you will not be reimbursed for harm caused by unnamed hazards.

HO-1 Policy

An HO-1 policy covers the following identified perils:

  • Smoke and fire (including wildfires)
  • Explosions
  • Lightning
  • Windstorms and hail
  • Vandalism
  • Theft
  • Vehicle-related damage
  • Aircraft-related damage
  • Riot-related damage
  • Eruption of a volcano

HO-2 Policy

HO-2 policies also cover the following six risks in addition to these ten:

  • Objects that fall
  • Snow, ice, or sleet has added to your weight.
  • Household appliances, such as the air conditioner or heating system, are frozen.
  • Pipes and other domestic systems break, crack, or explode suddenly and unintentionally.
  • Water or steam damage caused by a sudden and unintentional discharge
  • An electrical surge causes unexpected and unintentional damage.

Any hazard not specifically excluded from your policy is considered an open risk. Open dangers are covered by both HO-3 and HO-5 plans. HO-5s, on the other hand, tend to provide more coverage for a higher price.

The perils that are not covered by your policy will vary depending on the risks in your area. While some broad and frequent types of damage, such as water damage, may be excluded from your policy, you may still be covered if the damage was unexpected and unintentional.

Exclusions are designed to protect insurance companies from damage caused by a homeowner’s failure to maintain their property.

Even if you’ve been harmed by an excluded hazard, check with your insurance agent to see if you’re protected. Here are a few frequent dangers that policies do not cover:

  • Earthquakes, landslides, and mudslides are all natural disasters.
  • Floods
  • Damage caused by water
  • Fungus and mold
  • Animal or insect invasion causes damage.
  • Negligence and regular wear and tear are two of the most common causes of failure.
  • The foundation of your home is settling, cracking, or warping.
  • Your pets have caused damage.
  • Government intervention or war
  • Corrosion and smog

Are You Required To Get Hazard Insurance By Your Mortgage Lender?

A particular amount of hazard insurance under your home’s insurance policy is normally required to qualify for a mortgage.

Depending on the number of natural disasters in your area, a lender may request additional hazard coverages, such as tornadoes.

Because every lender and locale have distinct regulations, this is something to think about while looking for a mortgage.


Homeowner’s insurance includes hazard insurance. Hazard insurance may or may not provide all the coverage you require, depending on where you reside and your needs.

As a result, it’s a good idea to check with your insurance agent and mortgage lender to be sure you have the coverage you need to secure your home.



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