20 -ka ugu sarreeya ee u ololeeyayaasha ugu mushaarka badan 2022

Ololeyntu waxay had iyo jeer caawisay dadka u soo baxay doorashooyin siyaasadeed oo ka dhacay meelo kala duwan oo adduunka ah.

Xirfadlayaashan ayaa door muhiim ah ka ciyaara soo bixista doorashada waxayna si fiican u helaan mushaharka doorarka ay ciyaaraan.

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, waxaa jira doodo badan oo ka socda dakhligooda. Maqaalkani wuxuu raadinayaa inuu dilo dhammaan mala-awaalka oo diiradda saaraya kaliya xaqiiqooyinka.

Sidaa darteed, maqaalkani waxa uu ku siin doonaa xog ku saabsan ololeeyayaasha ugu mushaharka badan adduunka iyo dakhligooda.

Waa kuwee Lobbyists?

Lobbyists waa u doodayaal xirfad leh oo caawiya ururada, ama shaqsiyaadka saameeya go'aamada siyaasadeed.

Qof kasta oo ku firfircoon olole siyaasadeed, dhaqdhaqaaq bulsho maxalli ah, ama ku biirista ganacsiga waxaa loo tixraacaa "lobbyist." Hadafka ololeeyaha waa in uu saameeyo ra'yiga, dhiirigaliyo fikradaha, iyo ficilada degdega ah, iyada oo aan loo eegin sababta la taageerayo. Waxay ku qanciyaan oo saameyn ku yeeshaan sharci-dejiyeyaasha inay taageeraan ama ka soo horjeedaan sharciga.

Guusha u -doodidda waxay keentaa soo -jeedinno sharci -dejin cusub ama wax -ka -beddel lagu sameeyo xeerarkii iyo sharcigii jiray. In kasta oo muwaadiniintu codsan karaan dawladda, ganacsiyadu had iyo jeer waxay shaqaaleeyaan dad u ololeeya oo aqoon durugsan u leh sharciga dhinacyada caafimaadka, caymiska, farsamada, awoodda, iyo saliidda iyo gaaska.

Maxay qabanayaan loo ololeeyayaasha?

Shaqada ugu weyn ee lobbyist-ha, ee ka shaqeeya dhinaca xiriirka dadweynaha, waa inuu la kulmo madaxda la soo doortay oo uu isku dayo inuu ku qanciyo inay qaataan, diidaan, ama beddelaan sharciga kaas oo macmiilka ololeeyaha uu dano gaar ah ka leeyahay.

Lobbyists waxay inta badan ku sugan yihiin caasimadaha qaranka iyo kuwa dawlad goboleedyada maadaama ay u baahan yihiin inay ku dhawaadaan kuraasta dowladda si ay si guul leh u gutaan waajibaadkooda.

Lobbyists caadi ahaan waxay matalaan ururada ganacsiga waxayna si joogta ah ula shaqeeyaan kuwa kale ee u ololeeya si ay u helaan natiijada la rabo ee sharci gaar ah.

Waxay sidoo kale la xiriiraan degaannada siyaasiyiinta, iyagoo ka codsanaya inay cadaadis saaraan wakiiladooda mawduuc gaar ah oo lama huraan u ah macaamiishooda. Marka uu isku dayo in uu dadka qanciyo, waxa uu adeegsadaa tabo kala duwan.

Xidhiidhka tooska ah ee sharci-dejiyeyaasha ayaa ah kan ugu awoodda badan uguna muranka badan, kaas oo u ololeeyaha ugu yeedho sarkaal dawladeed cunto, dhacdo, ama meel loo dalxiis tago isagoo rajaynaya inuu ku qanciyo inay u codeeyaan si waafaqsan aragtida ololeeyaha.

Lobbyists waa inay si cad u caddeeyaan isdhexgalkaan waxaana badanaa laga codsadaa inay isdiiwaangeliyaan si ay uga fogaadaan aragtida khaldan.

Lobbyists sidoo kale waxay si toos ah ula shaqeeyaan warbaahinta, iyagoo si joogta ah u bixiya cilmi-baaris taageeraya booska macmiilkooda ee sharci gaar ah.

Iyada oo qayb ka ah istaraatiijiyaddooda warbaahineed, ololeeyayaasha ayaa qabanqaabin doona shirar-warbixineed waxayna soo saari doonaan war-saxaafadeed si ay u taageeraan natiijooyinka ay rabaan macmiilkooda.

Lobbyists sidoo kale waxay ka marag furaan dhagaysiga dawlada iyo hortooda ururada sharciyaynta iyagoo ka wakiil ah macaamiishooda.

Dad badan oo u ololeeya waa saraakiishii dawladii hore ee ku tiirsan xidhiidhkoodii hore ee shaqsi si ay shaqadooda u gutaan. Shahaadada koowaad ee cilmiga siyaasadda ama edbinta la xidhiidha ayaa caadiyan loo baahan yahay.

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Marka la eego dabeecadda shaqadan, waxay xoogaa adkaanaysaa in laga sooco lobby -ga iyo laaluushka. Run ahaantii u ololayntu ma sharcibaa?

Lobbying waa habka la isu keeno koox isku fikrad ah, warshado, ama hay'ado si ay u saameeyaan guddiga maamulka ama xildhibaan, sida caadiga ah iyada oo deeq lacageed.

Dhanka kale, Laaluushka waxa lagu qeexaa bixinta shay-ama lacag, alaab, ama fadli aan la taaban karin—oo loogu beddelo faa’iido ama daweyn gaar ah, ama in laga faa’iidaysto kuwa kale.

U ololayntu waa sharci dalka Maraykanka, laakiin laaluushku maaha. Laaluushku waa isku day lagu doonayo in lagu helo awood, halka u ololayntu ay tahay uun isku day lagu saameynayo - in kasta oo kala soociddu xoogaa yar tahay.

Si ka sii cad, laaluushku wuxuu raadiyaa inuu helo dheef aan caddaalad ahayn sidaas darteedna lama shaacin karo halka u ololayntu kaliya doonayso inay saamayn ku yeelato go'aan sax ah, sidaa darteed u ololayntu waa mid la shaaciyo.

Hoosta, waxaan arki doonaa liiska u ololeeya ee ugu mushaarka badan.

Intee in le'eg ayay dadka u ololeeya?

Magdhawga sanadlaha ah ee u ololeeyaha Mareykanka waa qiyaastii $ 49,735 sanadkii. Dadka u ololeeya waxay sameeyaan celcelis ahaan $ 49,735 sanadkii. Mushaharku caadi ahaan wuxuu u dhexeeyaa $ 37,137 illaa $ 112,990 sanadkii. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, waxaa jira qaar ka mid ah kuwa ugu sarreeya.

Maqaalkan waxaan ku soo uruurinay liisaska ugu sarreeya ee u ololeeyayaasha ugu mushaarka badan 2022 iyo celcelis ahaan mushaharkooda sanadkii. Sababtoo ah u ololayntu waa shaqo xasaasi ah, magacyada shaqsiyaadka lobbyist -ka looma soo bandhigo dadweynaha; waxay ku gabadaan magaca shirkadooda.

20 -ka ugu sarreeya ee u ololeeyayaasha ugu mushaarka badan 2022

  • #1 Akin Gump et al ($ 12,460,000)
  • #2 Brownstein, Hyatt et al ($ 12,390,000)
  • #3 Kooxda BGR ($ 8,300,000): Dhagax
  • #4 Arrimaha Dawladda ($ 7,750,000)
  • #5 Holland & Knight ($ 7,360,000)
  • #6 LLC aan kala duwanayn ($ 6,620,000)
  • #7 Covington & Burling ($ 5,590,000)
  • #8 Squire Patton Boggs ($ 5,540,000)
  • #9 Peck Madigan Jones ($ 5,320,000)
  • #10 Forbes Tate Partners $ 5,280,000
  • #11 Mehlman Castagnetti et al ($ 5,060,000)
  • #12 Xeeladaha Isgoysyada ($ 5,020,000)
  • #13 La -taliyaha Capitol ($ 5,040,000)
  • #14 K&L Gates ($ 4,880,000)
  • #15 Ballard Partners ($ 4,540,000)
  • #16 Cassidy & Assoc ($ 4,280,000)
  • #17 Wada -hawlgalayaasha Thorn Run ($ 4,240,000)
  • #18 Kooxda Siyaasadda Sonoran ($ 4,080,000)
  • #19 Van Scoyoc Assoc ($ 3,950,000)
  • #20 Mawduuca Mawduuca ($ 3,860,000)

#1. Akin Gump et al ($ 12,460,000):

Akin, Gump et al waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleeyeen 204 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 12,460,000. Waxay la shaqeeyeen wakaaladaha socdaalka, shirkadaha caafimaadka iyo ururada shirkadaha.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah: 1776 Daawooyin ($ 140,000), 3G Capital ($ 80,000), International Restaurant Brands International, Aardvark Mobile Tours ($ 30,000)

#2. Brownstein Hyatt et al ($ 12,390,000)

Brownstein Hyatt et al waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiisay 238 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 12,390,000. Waxay la shaqeeyeen dhowr shirkadood oo dawooyin iyo caafimaad iyo waliba qareeno iyo shirkado sharci.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda sare waxaa ka mid ah: AbbVie Inc -$ 60,000, Akadeemiyada Korsashada/Caawinta Taranka Attys -$ 5000, Activcare Living $ 10,000, iyo AdvaMed -$ 60,000.

#3. Kooxda BGR ($ 8,300,000)

Kooxda BGR waa shirkad ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleeyeen 142 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 8,300,000. Waxay si weyn ula shaqeeyaan shirkadaha caafimaadka iyo kaabayaasha dawladda.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda sare waxaa ka mid ah: Abbott Laboratories $ 30,000, Abiomed Inc $ 60,000, AdvaMed $ 50,000, Affinity Living Group $ 80,000, AFL-CIO $ 50,000.

#4. Arrimaha Dawladda Dhagax ($ 7,750,000)

Arrimaha Dawladda Cornerstone waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiiyeen 207 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 7,750,000. Macaamiishooda waaweyn waxay ka socdaan caafimaadka, farsamada, xuquuqda aadanaha, elektaroonigga, iyo warshadaha gaadiidka.

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Waxay ka mid yihiin ACT for NIH: Horumarinta Daawooyinka Maanta $ 30,000, Adobe Inc $ 30,000, AdvaMed $ 50,000, Advanced Navigation & Positioning Corp $ 40,000, Albany-Dougherty Econ Devel Commission $ 20,000.

#5. Holland & Knight ($ 7,360,000)

Holland & Knight waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleeyeen 195 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 7,360,000. Waxay la shaqeeyeen shirkadaha dhismaha iyo warshadaha tamarta.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah: Advanced Biofuels Assn $ 60,000, Isbahaysiga Lahaanshaha La -Awoodi Karo $ 30,000, Isbahaysiga Dib -u -Isticmaalka Kaabayaasha & Dib -u -horumarinta $ 30,000, Isbahaysiga Daawada Dib -u -cusboonaysiinta $ 50,000.

#6. LLC aan joogto ahayn ($ 6,620,000)

Invariant LLC waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleeyeen 106 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 6,620,000. Waxay la shaqeeyeen shirkadaha gaadiidka iyo kaabayaasha dawladda.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah Adeegyada Maareynta Qashinka Advantek $ 50,000, Teknolojiyada Gaadiidka Degdegga ah ee Hawada $ 50,000, Kooxda Airbus $ 40,000, Airbus Americas, American Beverage Assn $ 110,000, Golaha Injineerka Mareykanka $ 50,000.

#7. Covington & Burling ($ 5,590,000)

Covington & Burling waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleeyeen 56 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 5,590,000. Waxay si weyn ula shaqeeyaan shirkadaha caafimaadka iyo farsamada.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah: 1776 Daawooyin $ 80,000, Tiknoolajiyadda Sare ee Caalamiga ah $ 40,000, Advent International $ 5000, Aimbridge Hospitality Lodging/Tourism, AES Corp $ 10,000, Laboratory Clinical American Assn $ 80,000, Adeegyada Caafimaadka Atlas Air Worldwide $ 80,000.

#8. Squire Patton Boggs ($ 5,540,000)

Squire Patton Boggs waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiisay 108 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 5,540,000.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah: Solutions Emissions Advanced $ 20,000, Alliance for Biosecurity $ 100,000, American Assn of Control Control Centers $ 50,000, American Staffing Assn $ 20,000, American Water Works Assn $ 5000.

#9. Peck Madigan Jones ($ 5,320,000)

Peck Madigan Jones waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiisay 108 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 5,320,000.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda sare waxaa ka mid ah: Akadeemiyada Farmasiiyada Daryeelka la Maareeyey $ 20,000, ACADIA Pharmaceuticals $ 80,000, Agios Pharmaceuticals $ 30,000, Airbus Group $ 40,000, Airbus Americas, America Is Better $ 40,000.

#10. Shuraakada Forbes Tate $ 5,280,000

Forbes Tate Partners waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiisay 125 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 5,280,000.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda sare waxaa ka mid ah: Advanced Micro Devices $ 60,000, Airlines for America $ 50,000, AlClear LLC $ 50,000, Alexion Pharmaceuticals $ 50,000, Altria Group $ 50,000, American College of Radiology $ 50,000.

#11. Mehlman, Castagnetti et al ($ 5,060,000)

Mehlman, Castagnetti et al waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiisay 109 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 5,060,000. sidaa darteed, waxay ka mid yihiin u ololeeyayaasha ugu mushaarka badan adduunka.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda sare waxaa ka mid ah: 3M Co $ 50,000, 3M Systems Information Information Health, AARP $ 50,000, ABRY Partners $ 50,000, Aegis Sciences, Adobe Inc $ 40,000, AFLAC Inc $ 30,000 Qorshayaasha Caymiska Caafimaadka Mareykanka $ 90,000.

#12. La -taliyaha Capitol ($ 5,040,000)

La -taliyaha Capitol waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiisay 133 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 5,040,000.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah Acreage Holdings $ 30,000, Advanced Biofuels Assn $ 10,000, Isbahaysiga Xayeysiinta $ 100,000, Assns Allianz $ 10,000, Caymiska Sanduuqa Dab -damiska, Bangiga la isku daray $ 20,000.

#13. Xeeladaha Isgoysyada ($ 5,020,000)

Istaraatijiyadaha Isgoysyada waa shirkad u ololaysa oo ay shaqaalaysiiyeen 112 macaamiil sanadka 2022. wadar ahaan lacag dhan $5,020,000.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah: Accommodations Plus International $ 60,000, AEGON NV $ 40,000, Airlines for America $ 80,000, Alabama Institute for Deaf & Blind $ 20,000, Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas $ 80,000.

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#14. K&L Gates ($ 4,880,000)

K&L Gates waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiisay 136 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 4,880,000. Sidaa darteed, waxay qayb ka yihiin ololeyaasha ugu mushaharka badan adduunka.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah: Flat Glass North America $ 20,000, Golaha La -talinta Dadka laga tirada badan yahay ee Madaarka $ 20,000, Ururka Algae Biomass $ 10,000, Xafiiska Maraakiibta Mareykanka $ 30,000, Baska Mareykanka Assn $ 30,000, Iskaashiga Badaha Mareykanka $ 280,000.

#15. Ballard Partners ($ 4,540,000)

Ballard Partners waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleeyeen 107 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 4,540,000.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda sare waxaa ka mid ah: Africell Holding $ 150,000, Amazon.com $ 70,000, American Health Care Assn $ 30,000, American Road & Transport Builders Assn $ 50,000, Asset Investment Group LLC $ 60,000, Atlantic Sapphire $ 80,000.

#16. Cassidy & Assoc ($ 4,280,000)

Cassidy & Assoc waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleeyeen 111 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 4,280,000. Sidaa darteed, waxay yihiin ololeeyaha ugu mushaharka badan adduunka.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda sare waxaa ka mid ah: Airbus Group $ 30,000, Superconductor American $ 20,000, Anschutz Corp $ 20,000, Arconic Inc $ 40,000, Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind $ 50,000.

#17. Shuraakada Run Thorn ($ 4,240,000)

Thorn Run Partners waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiisay 124 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 4,240,000. Sidaa darteed, waxay ka dhigayaan liiskeenna ololeyaasha ugu mushaharka badan adduunka.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah: AARP $ 40,000, Advanced Technology International $ 40,000, Advent International $ 50,000, ForeScout Technologies Electronics, Advocate Aurora Health $ 40,000, Alkermes Plc $ 50,000, Alliance for Cell Therapy Now $ 20,000.

#18. Kooxda Siyaasadda Sonoran ($ 4,080,000)

Kooxda Sonoran Policy Group waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleeyeen 2 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 4,080,000. Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda sare waxaa ka mid ah Horizon Therapeutics $ 80,000. Nadar, George $ 4,000,000.

#19. Van Scoyoc Assoc ($ 3,950,000)

Van Scoyoc Assoc waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleeyeen 170 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 3,950,000.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda ugu sarreeya waxaa ka mid ah: ACE Aeronautics $ 30,000, Acerinox $ 10,000, North America Stainless, Aerovironment Inc $ 30,000, Maamulka Dekedda Gobolka Alabama $ 20,000, Alameda Contra Costa Transit District $ 20,000

#20. Mawduuca Maaddada ($ 3,860,000)

Mawduuca Mawduuca waa shirkad u ololeyneysa oo ay shaqaaleysiisay 80 macmiil 2022, wadar ahaan $ 3,860,000. Sidaa darteed, waxay qayb ka yihiin ololeyaasha ugu mushaharka badan adduunka.

Qaar ka mid ah macaamiishooda sare waxaa ka mid ah: Adelanto HealthCare Ventures $ 30,000, Amazon.com $ 60,000, American Gaming Assn $ 50,000, Innovation American: Mashruuca AI $ 10,000, Golaha Maalgashiga Mareykanka $ 50,000.

Kharashyada ugu sarreeya ee U ololaynta

Sida laga soo xigtay OpenSecrets.org, Rugta Ganacsiga ee Mareykanka ($ 77 milyan), Xarunta Siyaasadda Bulshada ee Furan ($ 48 milyan), iyo Ururka Qaranka ee Hantiilayaasha ($ 41 milyan) ayaa ahaa saddexda kharash ee ugu sarreeya sannadka 2019 xagga ololeyaasha.

Gunaanad

Halkaa waxaad ku leedahay Lobbyists-ka ugu sarreeya ee ugu mushaharka badan 2022. Waxay ka kooban yihiin shirkado macaamiil badan u qabtay kuwa wax ka qabtay dhawr macaamiil. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, kuwani waa magacyada ugu waaweyn ee u ololaynta 2022.

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