Making the world a better place is a vital value that makes for different Public Health organizations and professionals. If you are a dedicated mentor to help health care seekers, but you are not yet a doctor, your job may be a public health service. So you have to check a degree or degree in public health.
The World Scholarship Forum team has compiled necessary information on what can you do with a public health degree in the bachelor’s, master’s & doctor’s degree jobs, Public health careers & salaries.
Public health has long been a long-term health reform program for people around the world. Vaccination programs, family planning, or antibiotics are just some examples of public health in general. You too can be this, too!
Table of contents
- Working in Public Health
- Options For A Public Health Degree
- Skills Gained in a Public Health Program
- The Best Concentrations of Public Health And Description
- Epidemiological and Biostatistical Methods for Clinical Research
- What Can You Do With A Public Health Degree?
- What You Should Do To Be a Good Candidate for Public Health Work
- How to Find A Job As A Public Health Professional?
Working in Public Health
Experts working in public health have different responsibilities, depending on their level. By working in villages or communities to improve public health and well-being, or to provide public health education at high school, a great opportunity.
This post guides you on the public health degree and care service that fits into any study program. Keep in mind the following programs: Bachelors in Public Health, Masters in Public Health, Ph.D. program in Public health. However, in many cases (not all), the MPH is becoming a professional expert of the public health firm.
There are MPH programs available for those with a Bachelor of Public Health or similar fields that will work right now. Make sure you will need the programs that are approved and, specifically, MPH programs are powered by CEPH.
Options For A Public Health Degree
A career in public health gives graduates the power to change lives by improving the well-being of the community. Public health professionals examine and propose solutions to health problems faced by specific populations.
By serving as a link between communities, governments, and health professionals, public health experts must be knowledgeable about science and sociology, as well as public policy.
A bachelor’s degree provides the basic skills needed to take on challenging roles in areas of interest including environmental health, emergency management, and global health.
Below are the Levels in a Public Health Degree Program:
- Bachelors in Public Health (BPH)
- Master’s in Public Health (MPH)
- Doctor of Public Health degree (DPH)
Bachelors in Public Health (BPH)
An undergraduate program in Public Health is the fundamental degree level for new college students and returning professionals. This requires students to enroll in and finish the entire study that cares about all general education requirements, such as English, Mathematics, and history.
Also, they are to complete the following courses that relate to Public Health:
- Environmental health
- Human diseases
- Health care Delivery
- Public Health Principles
However, different universities offer different types of requirements related to credit hours, but you can expect to find general education courses for approximately 45 credit hours, core courses summing up to an average of 80 hours, and 50 credit hours of elective courses.
Nevertheless, some universities, especially those online, allow students to choose from one of the specializations listed in the Concentration of Public Health section.
Also, as a student, you should start exploring possible careers in your first year. Do you want to obtain a master’s degree in public health or do public health work immediately after graduation?
Colleges That Offer Bachelor in Public Health Programs
Bachelors of Arts in Public Health Programs
The University of Illinois at Chicago – BA – Public Health – BA – Bachelor of Arts in Public Health – Traditional
The University of South Carolina – BA – Public Health – BA – Bachelor of Arts in Public Health – Traditional
The University of Washington – BA – Public Health – BA – Bachelor of Arts in Public Health – Traditional
The University of California – Berkeley – BA – Public Health – BA – Bachelor of Arts in Public Health – Traditional
The University of California – Irvine – BA – Public Health Policy – BA – Bachelor of Arts in Public Health – Traditional
The University of Hawaii – BA – Public Health – BA – Bachelor of Arts in Public Health – Traditional
Bachelors of Science in Public Health Programs
Bachelor of Public Health – BS – Bachelor of Science in Public Health
The CUNY School of Public Health – BS – Community Health – BS – Bachelor of Science in Public Health – Traditional
The CUNY School of Public Health – BS – Nutrition & Food Science – BS – Bachelor of Science in Public Health – Traditional
Drexel University – BS – Public Health – BS – Bachelor of Science in Public Health – Traditional
East Tennessee State University – BS – Health Sciences: Human Health – BS – Bachelor of Science in Public Health – Traditional
Other available Programs:
- The University of Colorado – Denver’s program
- The University of Arizona
- School of Public Health at the University of California Berkeley
- Walden University
Are you already enrolled in a Public Health Program but you are having financial challenges? Then, CHECK OUT THESE HEALTH SCHOLARSHIPS.
Masters In Public Health (MPH)
The master’s degree in public health is another high-level option, and perhaps the most common for public health professionals, from a public health perspective. This program is best supplemented with a degree in BPH but may accompany other degrees in social sciences as a specialization.
Some other degree programs that may precede the MPH include those that focus on:
- Social work
At this graduate level, the program may include subjects related to the chosen specialization, but may also include some generalized public health courses.
The MPH program has been designed to include management elements in the curriculum, so that courses dealing with different aspects of management in a health care environment may also be present.
Most MPH programs also include a final project that students must complete in order to graduate. This may include a personal project that includes fieldwork, researching a chosen topic, or proposing new research in the area of public health.
Most master’s programs in public health require between 35 and 55 hours of credit. Universities offering quarterly courses sometimes require more than one-quarter credit, up to 90 credits.
Here are some examples of universities offering Public Health Masters:
- The University of the West of England
- University of Chester
- Glasgow Caledonian University
- The University of Western Australia
- Riga Stradins University
Accredited Online Public Health Degrees
Check out the following colleges that offer online masters in public health degree programs:
- Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University (MPH @ GW)
- UNC’s Gillings School of Global Public Health
- MPH@Simmons College
- Baylor University – Master of Public Health (MPH)
Doctor of Public Health degree (DPH)
The degree of Doctor of Public Health (DPH) can prepare you to find careers that work as leaders in fields that are relevant to public health.
The objective of the DPH program is to enable students to become effective decision-makers, interdisciplinary experts, and expert advocates in public health in general.
For students who have already completed the Master’s Degree in Public Health, the doctoral degree program can include an average of 45 credit hours.
Since leadership is a central component of DPH programs, students within these programs can focus on some of the indirect aspects of public health, such as:
- Advanced Leadership
- Community Relations
- The Evidence-Based Practice
Most DPH programs also include a practical requirement, which may include working for a public health agency under the supervision of a trained public health professional.
Students who have completed this degree program must also take an exam that will test their knowledge in the field of public health and examine their qualification as a Doctor of Public Health.
Some DPH Universities
- Boston University School of Public Health
- Florida International University Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work
- Walden University
- Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins
Skills Gained in a Public Health Program
Public health professionals need to master a wide range of skills to identify problems and develop solutions. Even entry-level positions in public health require strong interpersonal communication, public speaking, writing, problem-solving, and analytical reasoning skills.
Undergraduate programs develop and reinforce these skills through a combination of courses and hands-on learning experiences such as internships.
The internships provide an opportunity to explore different careers in the public health sector, establish valuable professional relationships and apply the following skills in practical environments.
- Interpersonal Communication
Understanding the concerns of others is a critical part of solving public health problems, and strong interpersonal communication skills are essential to working with others. Workers in the Public health sector should meet with community members, share ideas with colleagues, and discuss the concepts with others clearly and effectively.
- Public Speaking
Public health professionals must be competent public speakers who are able to make presentations, write reports and persuade individuals and large groups of people to adopt new public health strategies and initiatives.
All careers in the public health sector require strong writing skills. Many jobs involve writing reports and proposals for new initiatives, writing press releases and teaching materials, or documenting current strategies.
- Problem Solving
Regardless of your specific position, all industry experts must identify, investigate and solve problems. After examining the issues from different perspectives, interviewing the people involved and analyzing the responses, public health professionals offer several solutions to help communities in need.
- Analytical Thinking
Analytical thinkers can solve problems quickly, and quick answers to serious problems can save lives. As you build your resume, consider showing accomplishments that showcase your analytical thinking skills.
The Best Concentrations of Public Health And Description
Community Health combines the aspects of communication, health assessment and program development with the goal of creating effective public health professionals who focus on the needs of small communities.
The importance of creating provider networks and partnerships with public health agencies is a major element of this focus.
Global Health goes beyond intranational issues and seeks to understand and provide information on international public health epidemics. Topics in this concentration include chronic diseases and diseases, environmental health, politics, and administration and administration.
The goal of this program is to create leaders who can contribute to the research, development, and implementation of relevant global health initiatives that can play an important role in improving public health in communities. countries around the world.
This concentration links the biological, chemical, and physical characteristics of the environment by demonstrating the need to become aware of environmental health. Social factors and workplace studies can also be an important element of this specialization.
Students here can learn to evaluate the current environment in order to formulate public health assumptions about environmental health.
Sustainability And Global Environmental Health
Professionals specializing in global environmental health and sustainability travel the world promoting sound and environmentally responsible economic development strategies. Students following this path explore sustainable ways to improve the standard of living in developing regions and protect natural resources.
Average salary: $52,936
The concentration of biostatistics implies that students become familiar with the process of collecting, analyzing and translating data on a large scale. This goal can be achieved through the use of computer programs, public interviews and the review of public health data.
This area can prepare students to collaborate with other actors in the areas of epidemiology, research or even policy development.
Epidemiology is the central science associated with public health. This concentration seeks to understand why people get sick, which groups are most vulnerable to disease, and what can be done to reduce the risk of generalized diseases and diseases. To do this, you need to learn about specific diseases, illnesses, and injuries to better understand how they contract.
Epidemiological and Biostatistical Methods for Clinical Research
Epidemiologists study patterns of disease spread and biostatisticians examine health data to draw conclusions. Both careers require excellent research and analytical skills. Unlike most public health concentrations, this track focuses primarily on statistical analysis and data collection methods.
Average salary: $62,863
A concentration in nutrition can provide students with research knowledge of diets related to the acquisition of health-related problems. This goal can be achieved through:
- biostatistical research on food and health,
- providing detailed assumptions about the social, economic and environmental factors associated with health problems, and
- evaluating public health programs aimed at improving the areas related to nutrition.
Food, Nutrition And Health
By exploring the relationship between culture, diet, and community health, this concentration is ideal for students who wish to improve their lives through nutrition education. Graduates work for non-profit organizations, government agencies, and community centers to organize courses and develop dietary guidelines.
Average salary: $56,013
Health Leadership And Management
All public health organizations need competent leaders who can successfully manage resources and employees. With a focus on leadership and administrative skills, this specialization introduces broad application management strategies, as well as exclusive leadership methods and themes in the health sector.
Average salary: $60,030
Policy and Management
Policy and management concentration involves training in both the public health curriculum and management techniques and ethics. Students can learn to properly evaluate public health programs to identify weaknesses and to provide information on strengthening programs of public health agencies.
Public health laws and ethics, leadership practices, organizational science, and policy development are some of the issues associated with this specialization.
Social and Behavioral Sciences
The social and behavioral sciences seek to understand how a person’s behavior can affect their overall health. Through extensive research on behavior, cognitive abilities, social interactions, and community studies, this area can provide information on creating useful programs designed to reach people from all walks of life.
Identifying risk factors, determining strategies, and implementing programs can also be an important part of this area.
Health Systems and Policy
Health systems and policy experts are studying the relationship between health policy, social and cultural factors, and public health. These professionals use research to make policy recommendations to legislators and other interested parties.
This specialization focuses on the concepts of health legislation, health care infrastructure, and evolving health care delivery.
Average salary: $59,934
Aging and Public Health
By studying biological, sociological and psychological aging, these specialists gain valuable insights into how older people can stay healthy and maintain their independence. The courses in this concentration typically deal with issues related to human development and gerontology.
Average salary: $35,314
In cases involving natural disasters, nuclear or biological threats or other prejudicial factors related to human security, public health experts are needed in disaster management to provide assistance.
Disaster management includes analysis of issues such as metrology, the federal recovery process, infrastructure protection, national security, risk assessment, humanitarian assistance, and water and sanitation security. food.
What Can You Do With A Public Health Degree?
This section outlines and explains what a Public Health Degree holder at each level of the program can do.
What Can You Do With a Bachelor In Public Health / BPH?
Below are the career opportunities available to a Bachelor in Public health degree holder:
- Community Health Specialist
In this career field, specialists are needed to treat different specific diseases and exposure. These specialists work closely with epidemiologists and disease specialists to conduct research and site administration in the event of exposure.
- Coordinator of Quality Improvement
These professionals work in coordination with public health education programs to improve their effectiveness. As part of their professional responsibilities, professionals can perform the following:
- site reviews,
- track data and manage comments,
- answer questions or concerns about public health programs,
- generate documents and site reports, and
- coordinate Public health programs completely.
- Public Health Administrator
As a public health administrators, professionals are responsible for the planning and implementation of disease prevention and public service programs. Also, they ensure that the quality of these programs corresponds to national recommendations and make changes or improvements where necessary.
As a core component of this professional field, professionals can be a source of connection between local prevention agencies and policies related to public health programs.
- Research Assistant
Public Health Research Assistants can work for laboratories, universities or research agencies to find answers to major health issues.
Typically, research specialists work in a specific area of public health, such as:
- screening for specific diseases,
- recruitment of research participants,
- completion of part of the study and
- data analysis may be part of the responsibilities of professionals in the field.
- Prevention Specialist
Prevention specialists can focus primarily on prevention services for the community or another part of the designated society.
Responsibilities in this area include:
- planning and preventive programs,
- communicating with the public about these programs, and
- evaluating the effectiveness of programs on a regular basis.
What Can You Do With A Master’s Degree In Public Health / MPH?
Here are the main career options for students who graduate with a Master’s degree in Public Health:
- Public Health Educator
Public health educators may be responsible for focusing on different aspects of public health, such as nutrition, exercise, drug use and chronic diseases. Educators can also promote their programs through advertising, public awareness and community schools.
- Epidemiologist in Public Health
In this position, professionals can help collect and analyze data associated with diseases, injuries and injuries in designated areas. Epidemiologists can also be expected to create and maintain reports on their findings and forward them to the appropriate source for the data report.
One of the main objectives of this area is to better understand public health statistics in order to create effective treatment and prevention services for the public.
- Public Health Consultant
As a public health consultant, you can ensure that public health programs provide the right level of service to the community. This can be achieved by evaluating an organization’s public health programs, the treatment process, the storage of drugs and the handling of materials.
Consultants usually provide an analysis of their assessment to the agency where they work to recommend changes and improvements.
- Health Promotion Specialist
Health promotion specialists are similar to public health educators in that they focus on providing educational information to the public in order to improve their overall health and well-being.
However, the main objective of this career path is the development and improvement of public health education programs throughout its life.
This may include in-depth research on effective public health education programs, a review of current biostatistical data on a specific area, and a review of ongoing health education programs that require change.
- Coordinator of Clinical Research
Research is an important part of what makes public health a useful tool for society. If you choose to work in such a situation, you will be able to play a leading role in the collection of study volunteers, receive all documents required for prior consent to study, assist during the research process, analyze and transmit the results. to the appropriate bodies.
- Specialist in Health Informatics
As a health informatics specialist or biostatistician, you will analyze various types of health care data and apply statistical principles to public health and medical research. It will discuss clinical trials, genome projects and the identification of population health trends.
The work of a biostatistics specialist may also include experimental treatments for diseases or links between lifestyles and public health problems.
Key Duties of a Health Informatics Specialist:
- Develop effective statistical protocols.
- Analyze and monitor databases and data analysis software.
- Use statistics, mathematics and computer skills to collect data reports.
Employers: food and drug administration centers, clinical biostatistical organizations, local governments and other public health organizations.
- Health and Safety Engineers
Health and safety engineers design machinery, equipment and various systems designed to improve human health or prevent disease. The main functions of a health engineer are the following:
- to ensure that the different products (equipment and machinery used in factories, buildings, etc.) can be used safely,
- they identify potential hazards, investigate health and safety regulations and programs, as well as accidents.
Common duties of health and safety engineers are:
- Examine new machinery and equipment projects to ensure they meet safety requirements
- Identify potential hazards in installations, machinery and safety equipment.
- Install safety devices in the machines.
- Check employee safety programs and suggest improvements.
Employers: government, construction companies, technology companies.
What Can You Do With a Doctor of Public Health / DPH?
- Assistant Professor
PhD is a highly research-based program, graduates can make great additions in the field of education. Professionals at this level can work for colleges or universities offering public health programs, such as epidemiology, biostatistics, policy development, community health education, and ethics and laws. public health.
As an assistant professor, you can offer your knowledge to students who wish to pursue a career in the same field. Tasks can include curriculum planning, implementation, qualification and tutoring.
- Prevention Expert
This research-oriented professional path involves the use of the experience gained in the creation and implementation of useful prevention programs. Communities that have a large number of cases of illness or disease may use the expertise of prevention specialists to provide information on useful prevention programs.
These professionals can be employed by local public health organizations or work in consultation. They can analyze the biostatistical data of the community to understand the importance of the disease and provide information on how to connect citizens to appropriate services.
- Director of the Program
Program managers may have tasks, including the planning and implementation of public health programs in specific areas, hiring and training of staff, and the financial management of relevant programs under their supervision.
Some program managers ensure that their programs operate in accordance with public health regulations and encourage improvements where necessary.
If you choose to work in this field, you will need to take a leadership role within your organization to deliver high-quality public health services.
- Clinical Services Coordinator
The primary function of the Clinical Coordinator is to oversee the delivery of administrative services in public health organizations. These professionals may also be responsible for the development and implementation of community-based public health programs and prevention services that are readily available to citizens. Administrative tasks can also be an important component of this professional field.
- Research Director
A higher level of research expertise, research directors may be responsible for overseeing research studies, data collection and reporting. Directors typically report their findings to senior managers in their research organizations, such as CFOs.
These professionals can oversee a team of researchers through standard recruitment requirements, study processes, and information dissemination.
What You Should Do To Be a Good Candidate for Public Health Work
Having the academic training required is not the only condition for getting a good job in public health. There are certain qualities and characteristics that employers look for in candidates for their positions. Most vacancies in the public health sector have some of the non-educational requirements that employers are asking for.
Take a look at some of these requirements below.
1. Be a Team Player
In public health, most professional fields will be part of a larger team. Data is communicated between different domains to develop and maintain public health programs. Being a team player means completing your tasks on time and delivering them to the right people on time. It also requires being a source of useful information and supporting your team.
2. Organisational Skills
Processing large amounts of data can be difficult for some people, but in the area of public health, you must have the ability to organize and manage data on a regular basis. Keeping track of what you have collected, what you are owed, and what you are responsible for can help you succeed while working for public health agencies.
3. Complex Skills to Solve Problems
An interesting thing about public health work is the complexity of the work involved. The primary goal of the public health field is to provide answers to disease issues and develop programs to help people protect themselves.
Problem-solving techniques can help you find answers and continually search for the conclusions you need to succeed in this area.
4. Light Physical Work
Although not all positions include this requirement, it is common to look for jobs in the public health sector. Most requirements state that candidates must be able to lift at least 20 pounds, primarily to ensure that daily tasks can be performed without difficulty.
5. Computer Skills
The use of technology in public health shows a steady increase. To work on public health data systems and to enter important search results into a large database, candidates must have some experience working with computers.
Most companies require candidates to know Microsoft Word or Excel, while others in biostatistics or epidemiology may require more advanced knowledge.
6. Communication Skills
To effectively reach out to community members, you may need to have strong communication skills. It can sometimes be discouraging to convince the public to participate in useful prevention and treatment programs.
Since many public health posts involve teaching or working directly with community members, it is important to have a high level of communication skills to reach those in need.
7. Responsible Work Ethics
Public health is an extremely important component of the overall health of the community. Members of this professional sector must be dedicated, hardworking and passionate about their cause.
Having a strong work ethic can help you really appreciate your work and contribute to the success of the company you work for. Showing a story of hard work and a strong work ethic can help you achieve the career of your dreams.
How to Find A Job As A Public Health Professional?
Building a polished resume is the first step towards a successful job search. As you build your resume, focus on the aspects of your training and experience that most interest potential employers, and do not be afraid to tailor your resume to each position.
Finally, allow at least one other person to read your resume to check for errors and provide feedback. After sending your resume to potential employers, you may want to exercise your interviewing skills by playing role plays with another person.
There are many ways to find out about job offers. The American Public Health Association, the Global Health Council and the Public Health Employment Connection are excellent career resources.
Hospitals and government agencies employ the highest percentage of public health professionals in the country, while health educators and community health workers are the two most dynamic careers in the field of public health.
Staying abreast of hiring trends and high-demand positions can help you get a better idea of where to apply and what employers are looking for.