Becoming a police officer is a great way to give back to the community. However, working effectively as a cop requires adequate training to prepare you for the responsibility of protecting lives and property.
You know, contrary to what I used to think, that cops were only cool in the movies, there are really incredible police officers that give their all to curb crime and deliver justice in the real world.
But, to be a top-notch police officer requires a lot of rigorous training and not for the feeble-hearted. This job is no-jokes!!
So, in this post, you are gonna learn all you need to know about starting a career as a cop and training that is required of you.
Who Is A Police Officer?
A police officer is a sworn law enforcement professional who has the job of protecting and serving the communities in which they live and work.
Therefore, amongst other duties, he enforces laws, obtains warrants, arrests and interview suspects, secure crime and accident scenes, crafts detailed reports and testifies in court.
Police officers are generally the front line defense against crimes in any community. They are professionals at what they so much that society relies on them for protection.
What Is The Job Description Of A Police Officer?
The primary duty of a police officer is to protect people and property. Common duties of police include:
Even as a senior officer in the police force, roles vary. You perform the following tasks:
Where Do Police Officers Work?
In the United States, police officers are employed at the federal, state, and local levels, although federal police officers are more commonly called law enforcement agents.
Also, police officers can be recruited in the private sector as security consultants and even official escorts.
Difference Between A Police Officer And A Police Detective?
Though this may often be used interchangeably, the two are not just the same. A police detective or criminal investigator is obviously a police officer because he was first trained to become an officer before the detective training. What this means is that not all police officers are detectives but unarguably all police detectives are police officers. This is because detectives go through normal police training and additional detectives’ training.
Usually, in the right work order, police officers lay a background foundation for the detective to do his work. Just imagine a scenario where there was a murder case: a man was shot by an unknown gunman in a certain location, everyone around the location flees the scene of the crime. Shortly after, the cops arrive at the crime scene, secures the arena, takes photographs and asks a few questions. After these processes, it is now the duty and job of the detectives to use possible leads to track who the culprit might be.
So, you must become an effective police officer to make a great detective.
How Much Can I Earn As A Police Officer? | Salary and Job Outlook
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average cop earns about $63,380 per year or roughly $30.47 per hour. So, the lowest 10 percent earn less than $36,550, and the highest 10 percent earn more than $106,090.
Also, it’s important to note that the salaries of police officers are based on mainly experience, skills and training, and most especially geography. Here are a few career levels listed below.
|LAW ENFORCEMENT CAREER LEVELS||MEDIAN SALARY|
|FISH AND GAME WARDEN||$52,780|
Moreso, it has been currently estimated that employment for police officers will grow by 5% before 2028. So this indicates that there are still needs for more cops in the U.S.
However, the level of government spending determines the level of employment for police and detectives. So, the number of job opportunities can vary from year to year and from place to place.
How To Prepare To Become A Police Officer
Of course, it doesn’t just end in saying “I want to be a police officer!”
Are you ready to commit to becoming the best cop ever?
Yeah! A high school diploma is often the minimum formal education required. And even if, an associate’s, bachelor’s or graduate degree might not be needed, having one increases how likely you are to get hired as a police officer. But, extensive and specialized training is required. And police academies often provide this training on the local, regional or state levels.
Police Officer Educational Requirement
Of course, you will need the right kind of education and experience to grow up into a fine cop. So, here are some places that can give you a great educational background needed to become a cop.
Often times, the police department would want a candidate that has a certificate in any of the following disciplines:
You don’t just become a police officer by wishful thinking. So, asides from having an educational background, there are some basic skills that can qualify you to become a cop in the United States.
How to Prepare To Enroll in a Police Academy?
Some departments can recruit candidates with no experience but at least a high school diploma. But, most police departments require you to undergo training in the police academy to prepare you for the ethics and rigors of being a cop.
So, first and foremost, you must be prepared if you want to pass the exam to be enrolled in the police academy.
Here are some tests you should prepare your mind for:
Basic Abilities Test
Before getting into the police academy and being hired into law enforcement, you will be required to write a basic abilities test. This measures your cognitive reasoning, reading, and problem-solving skills.
This test is to ascertain whether you can successfully complete your police training. For this reason, it is wise to look over the sample questions and test materials that will be provided for you.
This test ensures that you are in great physical shape to take on the training dished out at the police academy. The fitness test comprises an overall assessment including sit-ups, push-ups, sprints, and long-distance runs. Also, you might be required to take an obstacle course. So, be ready!
Medical Physical Exam
Even after the physical assessment, you might need to be examined by a doctor to be sure you are healthy enough to undergo the police academy training.
You would also need to take a separate eye exam to check your overall vision.
Most police departments will require you to undergo a polygraph exam to determine your level of honesty to ascertain whether what you wrote in your application is true.
Here, applicants are hooked up to a polygraph instrument and asked a series of “yes or no” questions to detect truthfulness or deception.
Of course, not all departments require a psychological assessment. Here, your mind is assessed through sessions to find out if you are mentally and emotionally fit for the training.
Enrolling in a Police academy
Before you get to this stage you must have known what it takes to become a cop. At the police academy, you are prepared for the rigors of one of the world’s most stressful, high-stakes, and intense occupations.
Police academies consist of several weeks of specialized training in the following areas:
Generally, police training academy can come before or after being hired as a cop. So, it’s important to stay fit and sharp to pass the tests along the way.
Also, studying is vital because failing in any academic or practical are can lead to your failing the entire academy.
Even after graduating from the police academy, learning doesn’t end. You move to the field training program.
Here, you will learn how to work on the streets as a cop. As you take on more responsibility during the course of your training evaluation, your wits and wisdom on the job increases.
When you finish field training, the real learning begins as you are hired as a cop patrolling the streets on your own.
What Is The Cost of Becoming A Police Officer?
From research, the cost of enrolling in Police academy is usually total less than $5,000, and some police departments will reimburse a percentage of that tuition upon employment. After receiving your certification, you can then apply to become a police officer in that state.
Also to get a better police career level or higher pay, you can opt to get a college degree in Criminology or Criminal Justice. And, the average out-of-state cost for a bachelor program in Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration is $31,914 with an estimated average four-year degree total cost of $127,656.
How Can You Become a Police Officer in the US? | Practical Steps
In this section, you would find precise steps that will guide you in having a successful career in crime detection.
Take your time and explore the steps below:
Complete Your High School Education
For you to become a police officer especially in the US, you must complete your secondary education and also complete a post-high school program. It could be an associate’s program, a bachelor’s degree program. Quickly see the next step.
Take A Post-Secondary Education (Optional)
It is in your post-secondary education that you will acquire some of the skills you would really require for a successful practice. So it would be very important that you don’t just stop at completing your secondary education but also enrolling in an advanced degree program. In your post-secondary program, you may decide to take an associate’s degree program or a bachelor’s degree. The truth is that you will always find programs to do even to doctoral levels. It is also imperative that you take a foreign language course. As a detective, you would definitely meet people from different tribes and races and you may need to speak their language.
Courses that lead to a career in law enforcement that you may take include Criminal justice, crime investigation, criminology, forensic psychology, human relations, criminal law, etc.
Apply for a Position
If you wish to join the police force must realize that completing patrol routines and reacting to incident reports are not all there is to be a police officer. These days, law enforcers are expected to be more proactive in encouraging community participation toward the success of crime-prevention and crime-suppression initiatives.
After taking the screening test, then follow the next steps.
Enroll in a Police Academy for Training
It is very important that you also enroll in a police training academy where you will be duly trained by expert officers on issues of security concerns.
Here you will also get a hands-on-training of some of the basic assault and defense techniques you would need to escape troubles when on duty. They include a mixture of physical training and classroom study in areas such as firearm training, search and seizure, self-defense, traffic control, and first aid. It is also important that you get a clear understanding of state and local law.
This training can last up to six months.
Pass The Law Enforcement Entrance Exam
Before you are admitted into a police academy, you must achieve a passing score on an entrance exam. The exact entrance exam taken will depend on the police academy and jurisdiction. Some of the tests given include Asset, Compass, and LEE (Law Enforcement Examination).
Get Sworn in
At the beginning of a policing career, you take their sworn oath of office. You will recite this important vow in front of department administrators, colleagues, and/or authorized witnesses. And also, sign the written version of the oath as proof that they have formally committed to the service.
Now, you become bonafide police officers, who can exercise full authority on matters of maintaining peace, order, and public safety in their respective jurisdictions.
Your tools and badges will then be handed to you to start your first assignment.
Work Out To Develop Physical Fitness
In your work as a cop, you may get into situations where you will really need to exert a lot of physical strength probably in self-defense or in the hot pursuit of a dangerous criminal. So you would need to build your self to gain stamina and strength. You may also need to climb heights, crawl through tunnels. All of these may require strength.
Add More Skills To Your Skill Set
Adding more skills to your skillset will definitely make outstanding in your work. This is because you will know how to profer solutions to any kind of challenge that may arise. It is important you learn how to drive. It is important to learn how to administer simple first aid. Getting advanced computer and technology skills will surely make you the go-to guy in your field.
Work Towards a Promotion
So long as it’s within your reach, always try to improve yourself in your chosen. Attend any training meant to boost your experience and get certified.
Pay increases with a promotion, but so does the level of responsibility and potential bureaucracy.
Once some experience requirements are met (3-5 years usually), officers have a variety of opportunities. These include positions such as detective, mounted officer, SWAT, and other focused units, depending on the size and needs of a given police department.
Frequently Asked Questions
Of course, you will undergo rigorous training to become a police officer. This is a noble profession and you have to be willing to discpline yoursef to succeed in your training.
In most departments, it is important to take a polygraph test to verify the information you have given.
Every department has its own time frame, but generally it takes about 3-4 months to get hired as a police officer.
Becoming a cop in the US takes phases. First, you should have at least a high school certificate the, apply to get a police training in their academy before being hired.
Having a college certificate does not stop you from being a cop. But, for you to advance in your role as a police officer, having a college degree is an added advantage.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average cop earns about $63,380 per year or roughly $30.47 per hour.
Having at least a high school certificate is a huge edge when applying to be hired as a police officer
A career as a police officer is not an easy one. But, irrespective of the rigors and challenges associated with being a cop, with the will and adequate training, it is a rewarding profession.