Being one of the most efficient methods of preventing pregnancies, the IUD insert has been widely adopted by several women. If you’re interested in getting an IUD insert, it’s only natural to be worried about how much an IUD insert might hurt, This post reviews everything you need to know about the IUD insert.
IUDs had been used in the United States for decades, but a safety dispute in the 1970s caused all but one IUD to be removed from the market by 1986.
Following improved Food and Drug Administration (FDA) safety and production criteria, the first new-generation IUD was launched to the US market in 1988. One of the most efficient kinds of reversible contraception is IUD inserts. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARCs) refers to IUDs and implants that can be used to prevent conception for several years. Recent debates have centered on the mode of action of IUDs, the device’s expensive price, and variations in insurance coverage and availability.
Before we go on to tell you how much an IUD costs, let’s define what an IUD is.
What Is An IUD?
Intrauterine devices, or IUDs, are tiny devices that are inserted into the uterus through the cervix by a qualified medical professional to prevent conception. A follow-up visit is recommended after insertion to check placement, and removal requires a return to the provider. IUDs have a lifespan of three to ten years, depending on the kind of IUD.
There are two types of IUDs: copper and hormonal, and the Federal Drug Agency now approves five IUDs in each of these categories. IUDs prevent pregnancy by influencing the ovum and sperm to inhibit fertilization and are more than 99 percent successful. They provide no protection against HIV or other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
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Step by Step Process Of Inserting an IUD?
Your doctor or nurse usually follows some procedures during the process of an IUD insert. The general process to procedure includes:
1. Appointment evaluation
When you arrive, your nurse or doctor will ask you questions about your medical history to ensure that you get the proper IUD for you. There are situations when hormonal IUDs are inappropriate, in which case you will most likely be provided a copper IUD.
Before proceeding, they will explain the procedure, allow you to ask questions, and have you sign a permission document. They may also offer you oral pain medicine to relieve discomfort and cramps unless you have already taken any before arriving.
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2. Pregnancy and STI test
As long as you’re not in your menstruation period, your doctor will likely subject you to a pregnancy test. Inserting an IUD device early in pregnancy might result in a miscarriage. However, if you use another type of hormonal contraception or have the insertion done near the start of your period, this may not be required.
Many times, your health professional will prefer to insert an IUD during menstruation since the cervix will be somewhat dilated. Pelvic cultures may also be used to do an STI test by your doctor.
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3. Pelvic exam
This is done to check the position of your uterus. Your uterus may be anteverted which means that it’s tilting towards the bladder, midline, or retroverted i.e tilts away from the bladder. The exam will also evaluate the size, consistency, and movement of your uterus, as well as whether or not you are in pain, which could be an indication of an infection. The pelvic exam is a bimanual exam, which means they will put two fingers into your vagina and press their other hand on your belly to feel your internal pelvic organs.
4. Speculum inspection
A speculum is a medical instrument used to examine bodily orifices. Its shape is determined by the orifice for which it is created. A speculum resembles a metal duck beak. This device is put into your vagina to assist in opening the canal and allowing your doctor to see your cervix. The vagina is washed with an antiseptic solution once it has been placed.
Despite the fact that there is only one IUD size, your doctor must still measure the length of your cervical canal and uterus. They do this to ensure that your uterus is at least 6 to 9 cm deep and that the IUD is not inserted too deeply or at an incorrect angle. If your IUD is implanted improperly, it has the potential to rip open your uterus. These measures are collected with a sound, which has a circular tip at the end to avoid injuring your uterus when it is inserted.
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Your doctor will remove the IUD from its sterilized package, bend its arms back, and insert it through your vaginal canal and cervix into your uterus to the depth indicated by the sound using a tube or slider. The IUD will be moved into position by a plunger in the tube or slider.
When the IUD is removed from the tube, the arms will expand into a “T” form. The IUD will have strings that will dangle down through the cervix and into the vaginal canal after it is in place. Your doctor will cut the strings so that just one to two inches protrude into the vaginal canal. These strings will enable your doctor to ensure that the IUD remains intact; you may be able to feel them if you put your finger into your vaginal canal.
7. Ultrasound (OPTIONAL)
If your doctor is worried about the placement of your IUD or fears it was put too deep into your uterus, they may do a transvaginal or abdominal ultrasound to examine its location.
What Are The Pros And Cons Of An IUD Insert?
1. Extremely effective
IUDs provide excellent long-term pregnancy prevention and are more than 99 percent effective. They are as effective as sterilization and birth control implants. IUDs are one of the most successful techniques available since there is absolutely no way to screw them up. Unlike the pill or ring technique, you can’t forget to use it. The issue of not wearing condoms appropriately is eliminated with IUDs. IUDs are a foolproof method of birth control.
You hardly have to worry about your IUD once it’s in place. It is valid until it expires or you get it removed. That means no trips to the pharmacy, no pills to take or rings to wear, and nothing to do before sex to avoid pregnancy.
Furthermore, depending on the kind, you are protected against pregnancy for 3 to 12 years. Extra benefits of the IUD insert include its ease of removal, the fact that it begins operating as soon as it is inserted and ceases working as soon as it is withdrawn, and the fact that it does not interfere with sex and the partner is unaware of it.
3. The copper IUD does not have hormones and can act as emergency contraceptives
Some people choose non-hormonal birth control techniques or are unable to adopt hormone-based methods due to medical issues. Fortunately, the copper IUD is both highly successful in preventing conception and completely hormone-free. Copper IUDs are the most effective emergency contraception available. It’s almost 99 percent effective against pregnancy if you acquire one within 120 hours after having unprotected intercourse.
1. They don’t protect against STI
While IUDs are one of the most effective methods of preventing pregnancy, they do not protect you against sexually transmitted infections. However, using condoms every time you have sex lowers your chances of contracting or transmitting STDs. So, with your IUD, you should use condoms.
2. Possibility of a side effect
Some people have adverse effects after receiving an IUD. The adverse effects of hormonal IUDs and copper (non-hormonal) IUDs are not the same. Any adverse effects will most likely subside after 3–6 months, as your body adjusts to your IUD. So, if you can endure the side effects for a few months, there’s a strong possibility they’ll go away or become less obvious. If you continue to have pain or other side effects that disturb you after a time, or if your side effects are particularly severe, consult your nurse or doctor.
3. Heavy periods
Periods can become heavier, longer, or more painful following an IUD implant, however, this is not a usual occurrence. It is important to remember that this normally improves after a few months.
How Much Does an IUD insert hurt?
About 70% of women who have never given birth experience mild to severe discomfort during the implantation procedure. With an IUD insertion, some discomfort is to be expected. Usually, the soreness is just temporary.
Less than 20% of patients will require pain management or extra therapy, according to trusted research. This is due to the fact that IUD implantation is generally a simple procedure that takes only a few minutes. After finishing the insertion, the pain begins to fade immediately. The actual installation of the IUD, which is generally the most uncomfortable part, normally takes less than 30 seconds. Take an over-the-counter painkiller such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen at least one hour before IUD placement to assist alleviate the pain.
Frequently Asked Questions On IUD Insert
How long does an IUD insert take?
Insertion of the device usually takes just two minutes.
Is there anything you can do to help with anxiety or pain?
It’s advisable to take non-steroidal pain medications before your appointment.
How long is an IUD insert effective as a birth control process?
An IUD insert is effective for 3-12 years.
How long after insertion until you can have sex?
It’s usually recommended to wait for 24hrs after your IUD insert before sex.
Can I still get pregnant after an IUD insert?
Cases like this are usually very rare and occur only when the device was not properly placed.
Using an IUD shouldn’t affect your ability to have children later on. If you want to get pregnant, all you need to do is ask your doctor to take out your IUD. Your cycle should return to normal as soon as the IUD is removed.
- plannedparenthood.org – What are the disadvantages of IUDs?
- webmd.com – IUD Insertion: What to Expect
- medicinenet.com – Is It Painful to Have an IUD Inserted?
- kff.org – Intrauterine Devices (IUDs): Access for Women in the U.S.
- healthline.com – What It Feels Like to Get an IUD