10 Highest Paid Pediatric Specialties In The World | Ultimate Guide

Pediatricians are doctors who specialize in the care of children and adolescents. Although many pediatricians are generalists and treat various childhood diseases, injuries, and medical conditions, some pediatricians choose a sub-specialty, a medical practice solely focused on a defined group of patients or diseases. The highest-paid pediatric specialists in the world are typically surgeons.

Before we digress further into the best-paying pediatric specialties in the world, we’ll give you a brief insight into what being a pediatrician is.

Who Is A Pediatrician?

A pediatrician is a medical doctor who manages the physical, behavioral, and mental care of children from birth until age 18. A pediatrician is trained to diagnose and treat a broad range of childhood illnesses, from minor health problems to serious diseases in children.

Areas of Specialization Pediatric Medicine

According to Verywellhealth, a pediatrician focuses on the physical, emotional, and social health of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults up to 21 years. In the discharge of duties as a pediatric doctor, there are certain areas of specialties to choose from, asides from general pediatrics, which involves taking care of the general needs of children. They are;

  • Adolescent Medicine
  • Child Abuse Pediatrics
  • Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
  •   Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine
  • Pediatric Cardiology
  • Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Pediatric Endocrinology
  • Pediatric Gastroenterology
  • Pediatric Hematology-Oncology
  • Pediatric Infectious Disease
  • Pediatric Nephrology
  • Pediatric Pulmonology
  • Pediatric Rheumatology
  • Pediatric Sports Medicine
  • Pediatric Transplant Hepatology

Adolescent Medicine

This specialty of pediatric medicine is a multi-disciplinary aspect that involves paying close attention to the unique physical, psychological, and social characteristics of adolescents, their healthcare, problems, and needs. This particular specialty is holistic.

Child Abuse Pediatrics

This type of doctor has special training, expertise, and skills in accessing children who are victims of abuse or neglect. They further collaborate with community agencies on child abuse prevention, provide expertise in courts of law, and participate in multidisciplinary teams investigating and managing child abuse cases.

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Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics

This area of specialization in pediatrics medicine concerns the medical and psychosocial aspects of children’s and adolescents’ developmental and behavioral challenges. These issues can be in the form of feeding disorders, learning disorders, developmental disabilities like cerebral palsy and autism spectrum disorders, delayed development, and behavioral and developmental problems associated with the full range of pediatric chronic illnesses and disabling conditions.

As developmental and behavioral pediatrics, your duty is to collaborate with other professional disciplines in order to evaluate, treat and manage children at risk of developing the developmental-behavioral disorder.

Neonatal- Perinatal Medicine

This is a subspecialty of pediatrics concerned with the care of critically ill newborns and premature infants. Neonatologists diagnose and treat infants with conditions like breathing disorders, infections, or birth defects; coordinate care and medically manage newborns born prematurely, critically ill, or in need of surgery. They work mainly in special care nurseries or newborn intensive care units of hospitals, primarily children’s hospitals, university medical centers, and large community hospitals.

Pediatric Cardiology

Pediatric cardiologists cater to patients with cardiovascular problems. They are skilled in selecting, performing, and evaluating the structural and functional assessment of the heart and blood vessels, and the clinical examination and evaluation of cardiovascular disease in children.

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

A pediatric critical care medicine expert specializes in advanced life support for children from the term or near-term neonate to adolescent. This specialty of pediatrics also involves extensive care management of life-threatening organ system failure from any cause in both medical and surgical patients.

Pediatric Emergency Medicine

This specialist takes care of acutely ill or injured children in the emergency department.

Pediatric Endocrinology

This aspect of pediatric medicine involves properly caring for infants, children, and adolescents with diseases resulting from an abnormality in the endocrine glands. These diseases include diabetes mellitus, growth failure, unusual size for age, early or late pubertal development, birth defects, the genital region, and disorders of the thyroid, the adrenal and pituitary glands.

Pediatric Gastroenterology

This area of pediatric medicine specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases of the digestive system in infants, children, and adolescents. They treat issues like abdominal pain, ulcer, diarrhea, cancer, and all other digestive-related ailments.

Pediatric Hematology-Oncology

This aspect of pediatric medicine involves taking care of patients affected by blood disorders and cancer.

Pediatric Infectious Disease

This specialty in pediatric medicine involves taking care of children through diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infectious diseases.

Pediatric Nephrology

A pediatric nephrologist deals with the normal and abnormal development and maturation of the kidney and urinary tract, the mechanisms by which the kidney can be damaged, the evaluation and treatment of renal diseases, fluid and electrolyte abnormalities, hypertension, and renal replacement therapy.

Pediatric Pulmonology

Pediatric pulmonology is a specialty of pediatric medicine that involves preventing and treating all respiratory diseases affecting infants, children, and young adults. This specialist is experienced in the growth and development of the lung, assessment of respiratory function in infants and children,

Pediatric Rheumatology

This aspect of pediatric medicine focuses on treating the joints, muscles, bones, and tendons. A pediatric rheumatologist diagnoses and treats arthritis, back pain, muscle strains, common athletic disease, and ‘collagen’ diseases.

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This type of pediatrician is responsible for continuous care in sports medicine, enhancing health and fitness and preventing injury and illness. A sports medicine physician should have knowledge and experience in promoting wellness and preventing injury.

Pediatric Transplant Hepatology

Pediatric transplant hepatologists provide extensive inpatient and outpatient clinical experience to manage advanced liver disease. To gain competence in transplant hepatology, diagnosis, and management of complex hepatology problems, you need to possess the special knowledge, skill, and expertise required of pediatric gastroenterologists to care for patients before and following hepatic transplantation. 

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How Much Do pediatric specialists Earn?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, pediatricians make an annual mean wage of $184,570.

According to ZipRecruiter’s average pediatrician salary by state, Hawaii pays the most at $200,204. Whereas Mississippi is the lowest at $138,337. There are 37 states that pay in the $150,000 to $190,000 range, including Alaska, Nevada, Montana, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and West Virginia.

Where Are The Highest-Paid Pediatric Surgeons?

Pediatric surgery is a very specialized field. Becoming a pediatric surgeon caring for young patients can take 11 to 15 years of education and training.

Job opportunities and pay differ from state to state. According to zippia.com, Pediatric surgeons in Duluth, Wisconsin make the most money.

Here’s a list of states with the highest-paid pediatric surgeons in the U.S.

  • Wisconsin
  • South Dakota
  • North Dakota
  • Minnesota
  • Montana
  • Iowa
  • Arizona
  • Nebraska
  • Michigan
  • Pennsylvania

Top 10 Highest Paid Pediatric Specialities In The World

The best pediatric specialty is a matter of personal choice. According to the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University, pediatricians can work in a variety of settings, including hospitals and medical centers, private practice, outpatient clinics, academia, and research. Pediatric subspecialty salaries are generally lower than their counterparts in adult practices, but job satisfaction among pediatricians is very high.

The top 10 highest paid pediatric specialties in the world are:

#1. Neonatal-perinatal medicine specialists

First on our list of highest-paid pediatric specialties in the world is Neonatal-perinatal pediatric medical specialists. A neonatal-perinatal medical specialist takes care of critically ill newborns and premature infants. They earn $317,000 to $412,000 annually.

#2. Pediatric cardiologist

A pediatric cardiologist diagnoses and treats conditions and diseases of the heart and blood vessels. They earn $303,000 to $393,900 annually.

#3. Pediatric emergency medicine specialist

This aspect of pediatric medicine focuses on caring for children and adolescents who are injured or acutely ill, using special procedures as required. Pediatric emergency specialists earn an annual wage of $270,000 to $351,000.

#4. Pediatric endocrinologist

Next on the list of best-paid pediatric specialists is pediatric endocrinologists. This specialty focuses on diagnosing and treating hormone-related diseases, including diabetes and growth problems. They earn an annual average of $201,033 to $261,343.

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#5. Pediatric Gastroenterologist

A pediatric gastroenterologist diagnoses and treats patients with digestive, liver, or nutritional problems. They go home with $268,000 to $348,000 annually.

#6. Pediatric hematologist/oncologist

This specialty in pediatric medicine specializes in diagnosing and treating patients with blood disorders or cancers. They make an annual salary of $222,953 to $289,839, making them one of the top-paid pediatric specialties.

#7. Pediatric Sports Medicine Specialists 

This type of pediatrician takes care in the field of sports medicine, not only for the enhancement of health and fitness but also for the prevention of injury and illness. The salaries of Pediatric Sports Medicine Specialists in the US range from $57,820 to $187,200, with a median salary of $187,200.

#8. Pediatric Nephrologist

A pediatric nephrologist deals with the normal and abnormal development and maturation of the kidney and urinary tract, and the mechanisms by which the kidney can be damaged. The national average salary for a Pediatric Nephrologist is $179,672 in the United States.

#9. Pediatric Rheumatologists 

Pediatric Rheumatologists take care of children with autoimmune diseases, or diseases where the immune system attacks the body’s healthy cells and issues relating to the joints, muscles, bones, and tendons. The salaries of Pediatric Rheumatologists in the US range from $153,000 to $165,000, with a median salary of $159,000.

#10. Pediatric critical care medicine specialist

They diagnose and treat young patients who are seriously ill or injured. Pediatric critical care medicine specialist takes home an annual salary of $138,525.


Child care is one of the best medical professions with high-level satisfaction. I hope this article on the highest-paid pediatrics specialties in the world satisfies your search intent.


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