Can You Get Unemployment If You Resign?

If you leave your work, are you eligible for unemployment benefits? The answer is complex and varies depending on why you quit.

In most circumstances, unless you resign for a valid reason, you will not be eligible for unemployment benefits if you quit your job voluntarily. However, there are certain exceptions. You can be qualified if you resign for a “valid reason.” Furthermore, because states do not manage unemployment insurance, your eligibility may differ based on where you live.

There are a few things to keep in mind if you’ve quit your job and want to apply for unemployment benefits:

Unemployment benefits are generally available if you had “good cause” to leave work.

States define good cause differently, although most allow for grounds including unsafe working conditions, workplace harassment, or personal medical difficulties.

Your employer may oppose your claim for unemployment benefits if you quit. That implies that you’ll almost certainly have to attend a hearing and show evidence of your reasons for leaving to receive benefits.

Do You Have Good Cause to Quit?

You probably didn’t have “good cause” to quit if you left work to pursue other possibilities, change careers, start your own business, or return to school.

These are all excellent reasons to quit your job, but they do not entitle you to unemployment compensation. If you’re doing something for a good cause, it suggests you had little choice.

In some states, benefits will be granted only to those who quit due to job-related reasons, such as unsafe working conditions.

Employees who have interesting personal reasons to leave (such as a very ill family member who requires constant care or a spouse who the military has moved) may be eligible for benefits in other jurisdictions.

Here are some examples of scenarios when you might have good reason to leave and be eligible for unemployment benefits:

There is no better time to read through How to Resign from a Job You Hate in 2023 than now.

1. Discharge That Is Constructive

Most states will allow you to receive unemployment benefits if your work conditions are so bad that they compel you to quit.

If they harassed you regularly, forced you to work in hazardous conditions, or asked you to break the law (by fabricating financial records, for example). If you thought quitting was your only alternative, you have legitimate cause to quit.

In most jurisdictions, you will benefit if a reasonable person finds the working environment intolerable.

See the various reasons you should consider in this article; When To Resign From a Job: 10 Signs it’s Time to Quit | 2023 Samples and Examples

2. Domestic Reasons

Most states would enable employees to get unemployment benefits if forced to leave their jobs because of domestic abuse (such as moving with their children).

If you just started a job and it’s not what you deemed it fit as, here is the best way to Resign from a Job you Just Started

3. Because of Medical Reasons

Employees who leave their jobs because of a disability, illness, or injury may be eligible for benefits in several states.

Some state demand that the medical condition be linked to the job (because the job caused or aggravated the ailment), while others do not.

Employees who leave because of a family member’s medical condition may be entitled to benefits in several states.

Your state may have a broader definition of what makes up a worthwhile cause. Some states, for example, offer benefits to employees who resign to move with a spouse who has accepted a job in another state or has been reassigned by the military.

Contact your state’s unemployment insurance department to learn what constitutes a good reason for quitting.

Quickly see the Best Day of the Week to Resign From Your Job?

How to Proof You Had a Good Cause To Quit

If you allege they forced you to quit, you’ll almost certainly have to go through a hearing to receive unemployment benefits.

Most businesses do not fight an employee’s claim when he or she is laid off or fired for reasons other than serious misconduct. Although unemployment claims cost companies money, there’s no incentive to oppose an eligible employee’s claim for benefits—and little chance of succeeding.

However, if an employee alleges they compelled him or her to resign, the employer may have a stronger motive to refute the accusation. If the employer can persuade the hearing officer that the employee left freely, the employee will not be eligible for benefits.

Furthermore, no business wants to acknowledge to constructively end an employee (forced to quit because of dangerous working conditions or sexual harassment, for example).

Many businesses would choose to defend this type of claim, hoping to win and avoid a wrongful termination lawsuit from the employee.

Don’t Fail to read through; How To Write A Resignation Acceptance Letter

How to Prepare For Your Hearing

As you prepare for the hearing, consider how you may show that they forced you to quit. If you had to leave because of illness, have your doctor detail your health and why you couldn’t continue working.

Get a copy of your spouse’s offer letter (for a distant job), official military documentation (if they transferred your spouse to another base), and any records showing when you moved if you quit moving with your spouse.

If they constructively fired you, ‌It shows that your working conditions were intolerable and that you had no alternative but to leave. Get copies of any harassing email communications you’ve received.

Also, get a copy of the papers if you have complained about unsafe working conditions or discrimination. It may also be beneficial if employees make statements about your predicament. Any evidence you can establish that your position was unsustainable and that you offered the corporation a chance to fix it would enhance your case.

If you’re mistreated, here are Samples Of Resignation Letter Due To Unfair Treatment | 2023

What the Hearing is Like

The hearing can take place in person or over the phone. Find out how to submit your documents if they will not hold the hearing in person.

Prepare an explanation for why you had to leave. If your employer claims you left voluntarily, be prepared to explain why this isn’t the case.

You might find it beneficial to compile a list of all the topics you want to discuss at the hearing so you forget nothing.

If you’re a CEO, here is How To Respond To A Resignation Letter

Before your hearing, ‌speak with an experienced employment lawyer, especially if you were constructively terminated. You might have legal grounds for a lawsuit if you were driven out of your work.

In this circumstance, the outcome of the hearing will not only determine whether you receive unemployment benefits; it will also determine whether your case is successful.

An attorney can assist you in presenting the most robust case possible—while ensuring that you do not make any mistakes that may come back to haunt you later.

An attorney can also use the unemployment hearing to get information and evidence that will be valuable if you decide to bring a case.

You don’t have to break the wall to leave the board in this situation. Read through this article as it clearly shows; Board Resignation Letter Sample in 2023

Wondering Can You Collect Unemployment If You Resign?

While it’s understandable that someone who no longer enjoys their job or has poor working conditions would be tempted to resign, they should not make such a decision lightly or without contemplating the consequences and financial implications.

After all, if you’re thinking of quitting your current work without a new one lined up, one of the most important things to consider is how you’ll pay your bills and meet your living expenses if your income stops.

When this happens, whether you can claim unemployment benefits if you resign is likely to arise. Don’t put yourself in a pickle by assuming you’re eligible for unemployment benefits when you’re not.

Losing a job is painful, but your next line of action determines if you get a better offer. Read: I Just Lost my Job! 10 Quick Things You Must Do Now

Learn the Facts before Acting

If you’re wondering if you’ll be eligible for unemployment benefits if you resign, you’re likely considering quitting your current job before finding another.

There’s also a strong possibility you’re concerned about what would happen if you don’t have a source of money.

If that’s the case, it’s a good thing you’re doing your homework on unemployment before finalizing your plans and deciding to leave your current job without a backup plan. That’s because “no” is the answer to your query.

Voluntary Resignation Does Not Qualify

Many people believe that if they are unemployed for a period, they will be eligible for unemployment benefits. This is far from the case.

The specific conditions that must be completed to receive unemployment compensation payments vary per state.

Even though there are many state-specific distinctions, it is a reality that voluntary departure from a job does not qualify an individual for unemployment benefits.

Why Can’t I Collect Benefits After Quitting?

Unemployment insurance provides a source of income for persons who lose their jobs because of economic conditions or employer actions beyond their control, such as downsizing, temporary or permanent layoffs, company closures, and other reasons.

Individuals who become unemployed because of their activities are not eligible for unemployment benefits, whether dismissed for misconduct or opt to leave their jobs willingly. As a result, if you voluntarily resign from a job, you will not be eligible for unemployment benefits.

Making Your Decision

You must decide to leave your employment on your own after carefully evaluating all the essential circumstances.

If you are in a job that isn’t right for you, whether it’s because of the type of work you’re doing or because of the culture of the firm where you work, it’s probably in your best interest to look for a new job in the long run.

However, you must know if you leave your employment, you cannot do so. Your decision’s timing could have a big impact on your current and future financial security.

If you can’t afford to remain without work for an extended period‌, ‌try to find a new job before quitting your current one.

Seeking New Employment

If you’re unhappy in your current employment, ‌update your resume, do a thorough job search, and begin ‌applying for and interviewing for positions that are a better fit for you than the one you have now.

You’ll be much more likely to find yourself unemployed and ineligible for help if you take matters into your own hands and try to find a new job before making a hasty decision.

The following articles may be helpful as you look for a new job:

  • Blank Employment Application
  • Free Job Interview Tips
  • Job Search Plan
  • Preparing for a Job Interview
  • Top Job Search Websites


What does it mean to leave employment Voluntarily?

“voluntarily leaving employment” has a clear and sensible meaning devoid of ambiguity. It reflects a clear legislative intent that, to disqualify a claimant from benefits, the evidence must show that the claimant discontinued the employment by his own decision, intentionally, and of his own free will.

Who is eligible for unemployment?

Unemployment payments are only available to persons who have lost their jobs because of no fault of their own. That means you are unlikely to be eligible for unemployment benefits if you quit your work voluntarily. You can still claim unemployment benefits if you have “good cause” to quit.

Do I get an unemployment benefit if I leave my job because of a medical condition?

Suppose you leave a job because it aggravated a medical condition. In that case, you may be eligible for unemployment benefits if you can show that your employer did not have any other work that you could have done within the limits of your disability. You can show that your employer did not have any other work that you could have done within the limits of your disability.


If you want to rely on unemployment benefits while seeking additional work, ‌check your eligibility before making the irreversible decision to leave your current position.

You don’t want to be financially bound while looking for work.



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